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Improving India-China Relations
Military CBMs | Economic Linkages | Connectivity

The Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies has been involved in studying various dimensions related to India-China relations.

Supported by the MacArthur Foundation, one of the Institute’s study on Sino-Indian relations focus on key challenges including the following three principal issues:

  • Strengthening Military Confidence Building Measures on Land and Maritime Issues between India and China
  • Expanding Economic Activity along the Sino-Indian Border Areas
  • Developing Infrastructure for Connectivity between India and China

The above study led to multiple conferences being organized resulting in the publication of three books in 2012 (upcoming).

Conferences were held in Beijing, Singapore and Chengdu (China) since 2010, where drafts were discussed by scholars from India, China and the rest of South Asia.

This Programme is supported by the MacArthur Foundation
Participants at the Chengdu Conference on
Border Trade and Connectivity
(L-R) Dhirendra Singh,
Maj. Gen. Dipankar Banerjee & Niu Qiang
L-R: Ren Jia, M Rahmatullah & Ma Jiali

Military Confidence Building Measures between India and China

The above study looks into number of strategic issues between India and China ranging from bilateral missiles and weapons reduction treaty to cooperating in the field of outer space and high technology R&D.

L-R: Brig Arun Sahgal, Cdr K K Agnihotri,
Maj Gen Dipankar Banerjee & Srikanth Kondapalli

As a part of the study, the institute organized a conference in Beijing looking into the following issues: Border issues, maritime patrolling, strategic linkages with other Asian countries and trade between the two nations were other important aspects that were discussed during the conference. The above study is likely to be published in 2012 by Routledge India.

Economic Activity along the Sino-Indian Border Area

This study looks into the issues of current restrictions on goods traded through land customs stations imposed by respective governments and traditional and possible routes for informal and formal trade.

L-R: Vijaylakshmi Brara & a Chinese Observer

As a part of the study, IPCS organized a conference in Chengdu, taking into account how local communities can be involved in the process of opening up to formal international trade.


Developing a Framework for Regional Cooperation in Southern Asia: IPCS Conference Report on proceedings of discussions held at Chengdu.

Developing a More Propitious Framework for China- India Cooperation: IPCS Conference Report of discussions held in Beijing.

Issue Briefs:

The African Safari: Understanding the Sino-Indian Competition in Africa
Baladas Ghoshal, Issue Brief #167, June 2011

India-China Relations: Negotiating a Balance
Maj Gen Dipankar Banerjee, Issue Brief # 160, December 2010

India and China: Towards a Competitive-Cooperative Relationship?
Baladas Ghoshal, Issue Brief # 153, August 2010

Research Papers:

China and Myanmar: Strategic Interests, Strategies and the Road Ahead
Billy Tea, Research Paper # 26, September 2010


Chinese Economy: Inflation on the Rise and Manufacturing on the Wane, Teshu Singh

Border Trade at Nathu La: Five Years After, Bhim B. Subba

China’s Nepal Focus, Bhavna Singh

China at 60 - The Military Dimension, Maj. Gen. Dipankar Banerjee


The Conference had deliberations on the issue of connectivity as well and on establishing infrastructure linkages between Nepal, China, India and Bangladesh to facilitate positive economic interactions. And how can the bureaucratic and procedural requirements in the respective countries be effectively coordinated and streamlined.

L-R: A Chinese observer & Sanasam Amal Singh

It also tried to answer queries on what will be the consequences of increased infrastructure connectivity for the region. What are the concerns of the local communities and how can these be addressed. How can regional institutions like SAARC and BCIM be involved in the process of building and expanding connectivity in the region?

Research Team
Bhavna  Singh
Research Officer
Namrata  Hasija 
Research Officer   
Teshu Singh
Research Officer
L-R: Li Li & Bhavna Singh L-R: Kharsentiew Teiborlang & Uttam Lal
L-R: Dhirendra Singh, D Suba Chandran & Niu Qiang L-R: Li Tao & Zeng Xiangyu
Participants at the Beijing Conference on Military Confidence Building Measures, March 2010

The Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS) is the premier South Asian think tank which conducts independent research on and provides an in depth analysis of conventional and non-conventional issues related to national and South Asian security including nuclear issues, disarmament, non-proliferation, weapons of mass destruction, the war on terrorism, counter terrorism , strategies security sector reforms, and armed conflict and peace processes in the region.

For those in South Asia and elsewhere, the IPCS website provides a comprehensive analysis of the happenings within India with a special focus on Jammu and Kashmir and Naxalite Violence. Our research promotes greater understanding of India's foreign policy especially India-China relations, India's relations with SAARC countries and South East Asia.

Through close interaction with leading strategic thinkers, former members of the Indian Administrative Service, the Foreign Service and the three wings of the Armed Forces - the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force, - the academic community as well as the media, the IPCS has contributed considerably to the strategic discourse in India.

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