Home Contact Us  
Research Paper
Pakistan: Politics, Religion & Extremism
Arshi Saleem Hashmi

The question that arises is that if militant theology is more often a consequence than a cause for militant orientation, then what leads religious groups towards militancy in the first place? Why did religious groups choose violence to improve the lot of their institutions and constituents, resisting repression and gaining political power? One reason could be that religious societies, which favour one group over another, suppressing all other competing sects, encourage furious and fanatical violence. Deobandi patronage by Zia for instance, led to the rift with the Bralvis.

The study attempts to investigate whether it is relative deprivation as Ted Gurr suggests or the element of fear that pushed the Muslim majority Pakistan into a cycle of religious violence due to the intrusion of religion in politics.

I. Politics, Religion and Extremism
II. Extremism in Pakistan: A Brief History
III. Exploring the Causes of Extremism
IV. Politico-Religious Mobilization: Towards an Understanding
V. Politics of Religious Extremism
VI. Bibliography


Swat: A Critical Analysis
Research Paper

Violence against Women in Swat: Why blame only Taliban?
D Suba Chandran
Issue Brief

Afghanistan: Talking to Taliban
Mayank S Bubna
Issue Brief


The Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS) is the premier South Asian think tank which conducts independent research on and provides an in depth analysis of conventional and non-conventional issues related to national and South Asian security including nuclear issues, disarmament, non-proliferation, weapons of mass destruction, the war on terrorism, counter terrorism , strategies security sector reforms, and armed conflict and peace processes in the region.

For those in South Asia and elsewhere, the IPCS website provides a comprehensive analysis of the happenings within India with a special focus on Jammu and Kashmir and Naxalite Violence. Our research promotes greater understanding of India's foreign policy especially India-China relations, India's relations with SAARC countries and South East Asia.

Through close interaction with leading strategic thinkers, former members of the Indian Administrative Service, the Foreign Service and the three wings of the Armed Forces - the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force, - the academic community as well as the media, the IPCS has contributed considerably to the strategic discourse in India.

Subscribe to Newswire | Site Map
18, Link Road, Jungpura Extension, New Delhi 110014, INDIA.

Tel: 91-11-4100-1902    Email: officemail@ipcs.org

© Copyright 2018, Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies.