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Armed Conflicts in South Asia

Armed Conflicts Annual

As a part of studying the armed conflicts in South Asia, the programme constantly monitors the armed conflicts in South Asia.

The Programme publishes an annual, one of its kind, mapping the armed conflicts. Each essay of the armed conflict – a review of the previous year consist the following: a short history, key actors, major developments and trends, conflict management; and the road ahead.

The Programme published its first annual in 2006. Since 2007, Routledge has been publishing the annual. This project is funded by the Regional Programme SAARC of the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung.

To know more about the annual, click here.


Early Warning and Conflict Alert

Besides monitoring the armed conflicts on an annual basis, the ACSA programme also works on “Early Warnings” and “Conflict Alerts.”

All conflicts emit warnings, in different ways – either in terms of conflict transformation or in terms of an impending deterioration.  As a Research Institute and Think Tank, the Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies endeavours to identify early warning to an impending conflict and conflict transformation. The ACSA programme since 2011 has started publishing “Conflict Alerts” as a part of its study on early warnings.

Click below links for the latest Conflict Alerts and to know more about the Early Warning project of the programme.

Understanding the Gujjar-Pahri Faultline in J&K: A Pahri Perspective

Understanding the GujjarPahri Faultline in J&K: A Gujjar Perspective

Understanding the Transformation in Ladakh: Issues, Threats and Early Warnings

Understanding Religious Radicalization: Issues, Threats and Early Warnings in Kashmir Valley

Rajouri and Poonch: Identifying Early Warning Signals and Addressing New Challenges


 Peace Audit and Ceasefire Monitor

Early Warning and Conflict Alerts focus on taking right action before the outbreak of conflict or conflict deterioration. 

In South Asia, there have been cease fires on an ongoing conflict. In certain cases, like Sri Lanka and Nepal, the “armed” conflict has come to an end. Despite the cease fires and the end of “armed” conflict, peace is yet to prevail.

The ACSA Programme also intends to study why ceasefires fail or the end of armed conflict does not lead to positive peace.

The “Peace Audit” and “Ceasefire Monitor” of the ACSA Programme intend to watch the peace processes and ceasefires, with an objective to make positive recommendations.


The Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS) is the premier South Asian think tank which conducts independent research on and provides an in depth analysis of conventional and non-conventional issues related to national and South Asian security including nuclear issues, disarmament, non-proliferation, weapons of mass destruction, the war on terrorism, counter terrorism , strategies security sector reforms, and armed conflict and peace processes in the region.

For those in South Asia and elsewhere, the IPCS website provides a comprehensive analysis of the happenings within India with a special focus on Jammu and Kashmir and Naxalite Violence. Our research promotes greater understanding of India's foreign policy especially India-China relations, India's relations with SAARC countries and South East Asia.

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