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In the advent of transboundary water resources proving to be a source of conflict within South Asia, the Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS) aims to address situations where riparian states require support to manage their transboundary water resources in a peaceful, optimising and equitable manner. IPCS maintains that without proper cooperative mechanisms the naturally bestowed neighbourhood is gradually transforming into a conflict stricken region. For this purpose, the institute covers a range of current and trending issues with respect to the Indus, Brahmaputra, Teesta and Cauvery Rivers. As part of its activities, the programme publishes Commentaries, Issue Briefs, Special Reports and Research Papers whilst organising discussions, conferences and workshops on the varied debatable themes.

The objective of the programme is to disseminate research based material, formulate policy recommendations and engage in constructive dialogue building towards hydrological development between the disputed neighbouring states. It whereby cites the existing nature and dynamics with implications for India to delve upon. It also seeks to provide policy recommendations, institutional advisories, besides capacity building and focusing on water issues as pure academic venture.
India-China: Securitising Water
Wasbir Hussain
Executive Director, CDPS, Guwahati, and Visiting Fellow, IPCS

China’s Meddling in the Brahmaputra: India’s Options
Abanti Bhattacharya
Associate Professor, Department of East Asian Studies, University of Delhi

India, China and the MoU on Brahmaputra
Wasbir Hussain
Executive Director, Centre for Development & Peace Studies, Guwahati, and Visiting Fellow, IPCS, New Delhi

India-China: A Water War over the Brahmaputra?
Roomana Hukil
Research Officer, IReS, IPCS

India-Bangladesh Relations: Significance of the Teesta Water-Sharing Agreement
Roomana Hukil
Research Officer, IReS, IPCS

Review: India, Pakistan - Propelling Indus Water ‘Terrorism’ (IWT)
Roomana Hukil
reviews “Connecting the Drops: An Indus Basin Roadmap for Cross-Border Water Research, Data Sharing, Policy Coordination”

Indus Waters Governance-VI: Political Consensus vs Provincial Legislations
D Suba Chandran
highlights the need for steering water debates away from Legislatures to the people of India and Pakistan

Indus Waters Governance-V: One River, Three Dialogues
D Suba Chandran
illustrates the need for extending the Indus Water Dialogue beyond the governments.

Indus Waters Governance-IV: Don’t Securitize the Water Debate
D Suba Chandran
analyses the trend of increasing rhetoric on ‘water wars’ in South Asia

Indus Waters Governance-III: Keep the IWT away from the Composite Dialogue
D Suba Chandran
highlights the need to maintain the IWC as the ideal platform for discussing Indo-Pak water issues

Indus Waters Governance-II: From ‘Letter and Spirit’ to ‘Letter vs Spirit’
D Suba Chandran
points to problems of implementation of the various water treaties in the Indus Rivers basin

Indus Waters Treaty-II: For Better Indus Waters Governance
D Suba Chandran
outlines the key challenges facing the Indo-Pak treaty

Indus Waters Governance-I: Crisis of Institutions
D Suba Chandran outlines the the failure of IRSA and WAPDA in resolving the inter-provincial water disputes in Pakistan
Forthcoming Events:  
Indus Waters Treaty-II: Optimizing the Potential, January 2015
Recent Events:  
India, China and the Brahmaputra River: Beyond the Flood Data MoU
13 August 2014, 1000-1300 hrs hrs
IPCS Peer Review: India, China and Myanmar
China and Myanmar: Soured Relationship

Panelists: Prof. Srikanth Kondapalli, Dr. Abanti Bhattacharya, Roomana Hukil and Aparupa Bhattacherjee
IPCS Discussion: India-China: A Water War over the Brahmaputra
24 April 2014, 1000-1130 hrs hrs
IPCS Discussion: India-Bangladesh Relations: Significance of the Teesta Water Sharing Agreement
18 April 2014, 1000-1130 hrs
Indus Waters: New Steps and Following Measures
23 August 2013
Towards Building an Indus Community (India-Pakistan)
21 - 22 March 2013
Track II Dialogues:
Dialogue I : National Discourse within Pakistan on the Indus
Dialogue II : National Discourse within India on the Indus
Dialogue III : Towards Cross-LoC CBMs on the Indus
Dialogue IV : Towards a Joint Approach in sharing the Indus
Water Conflicts in South Asia:
15 May 2012
The keynote address was delivered by BG Verghese
Indo-Pak Track-II Dialogues
5-7 October 2009

The Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies organized a two and a half day India-Pakistan Track II dialogue in Bangkok from 5-7 October 2009. The aim of the dialogue was to provide members of the strategic community on both sides with a common platform to discuss the sharing of the Indus river waters.


Based on the discussions organised by the IPCS and Ploughshares during the Track - II Indus Water Dialogue held in March 2013; the following Issue Briefs were commissioned. The papers give an elaborate insight into the multiple dimensions related to the Indus River Basin. The papers deal with wide range of issues from understanding the sensitivities within India and Pakistan, climate change, securing and safeguarding the eco system, sustainable development in the terrain, water management and the potential for cooperation and strengthening ties.

Indus Waters Treaty-II: Optimizing the Potential
PR Chari
Gilgit-Baltistan: Melting Water Towers of the Indus
M Ismail Khan
Climate Change and the Indus Basin
Amb Shafqat Kakakhel
Cross-LoC CBMs on the Indus
Shaheen Akhtar
Managing the Indus Waters: Alternative Strategies
Sardar Muhammad Tariq
Kishenganga and AJK: Views from Muzaffarabad
Mushtaq Hussain Awan
The Inconvenient Truth: Responding to Pakistan’s Water Concerns & Challenges
BG Vergheese
Towards an Indus Basin Community
D. Suba Chandran
Indus and J&K
Kavita Suri
Harnessing the Indus Waters: Perspectives from India
D Suba Chandran
Issue Brief #129, October 2009
Harnessing the Indus Waters: Perspectives from Pakistan
Nausheen Wasi
Issue Brief #128, September 2009

Supported by Ploughshares, a High Level Track - II Dialogue was organised by the Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies titled “Towards Building an Indus Community”. The major highlight of the dialogue included the contemporary issues relating to Indus Water sharing based on the existing approaches and issues from the perspectives of India, Pakistan and two parts of J&K.

Besides comprehending the discourse on 'rivers of the global commons' between both states in terms of sharing the Indus waters, the bilateral identified new approaches and recommendations on Cross-LoC CBMs over the Indus, making an assessment on the protection of the shared catchments and water resources. It schemed innovative methods and alternatives with respect to working together on issues related to the environment, climate change, supply-demand deficit gap, joint projects and making effective use of the IWT and, ultimately, garnering all efforts towards a policy orientation. The high level panel included a profound list of participants that varied from the governmental sector, civil society, media, conservation NGO’s, think-tank’s, academia, as well as international agencies from India, Pakistan and Azad Kashmir.


Prof. P R Chari
Visiting Professor, IPCS
BG Verghese

Sudhir.S.Bloeria (Retd.)
Former Chief Secretary, J&K Government
DV Thareja

Shujaat Bukhari
D Suba Chandran

Shafqat Kakakhel
M Ismail Khan

Mushtaq Awan
Shaheen Akhtar
The Indus Water Dialogues is supported by

The Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS) is the premier South Asian think tank which conducts independent research on and provides an in depth analysis of conventional and non-conventional issues related to national and South Asian security including nuclear issues, disarmament, non-proliferation, weapons of mass destruction, the war on terrorism, counter terrorism , strategies security sector reforms, and armed conflict and peace processes in the region.

For those in South Asia and elsewhere, the IPCS website provides a comprehensive analysis of the happenings within India with a special focus on Jammu and Kashmir and Naxalite Violence. Our research promotes greater understanding of India's foreign policy especially India-China relations, India's relations with SAARC countries and South East Asia.

Through close interaction with leading strategic thinkers, former members of the Indian Administrative Service, the Foreign Service and the three wings of the Armed Forces - the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force, - the academic community as well as the media, the IPCS has contributed considerably to the strategic discourse in India.

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