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Armed Conflicts in South Asia 2011: The Promise and Threat of Transformation

Edited by D. Suba Chandran and P.R. Chari

This volume, fifth in the series, describes the transformations witnessed in the armed conflicts of South Asia over 2010-11. Armed conflicts pose one of the most important threats to the process of governance ion South Asia. The region is not only violent, but is also characterised by the inability of states to deal successfully with different aspects of violence - ethnic, political, ideological and communal.

The critical issue addressed in this volume is how armed conflicts in the region, with their long and convoluted histories, have transformed over the years, how they might evolve further, and the trajectories they are likely to take. What are the promises and threats of such transformation? The collection brings together annual reviews on strife ridden Pakistan, Jammu and Kashmir, northeast India, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Afghanistan, as well as regions with dominant Naxalite presence. A special feature is the section devoted to conflict transformation and early warnings, which addresses ongoing transformations of the conflicts in north and northeast India, Nepal and Sri Lanka, radical violence in south India, and the naxal conflict. In what directions are these conflicts headed, and in what ways are they being redefined? The essays analyze these questions, as also conflict management, and provide a set of alternative measures that could be pursued by the actors.

This volume will be of interest to scholars engaged in politics, international relations, and academic institutions working on conflict conditions and mitigations in South Asia. It will also be relevant to national and international policy makers, civil society organizations, and to intelligence agencies.

The Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS), since 2006, has been closely monitoring various armed conflicts in South Asia with a view to analyze their various facets including the main issues and trends, principal actors, efforts towards conflict management and the effectiveness of these initiatives. 

The Institute is extremely grateful to the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, whose support has made it possible to undertake this study. The Institute is also grateful to the Routledge India, who has agreed to publish these essays as an annual.

Part I
Armed Conflicts in South Asia
Chapter 1
Armed Conflicts in South Asia: The Emerging Dimensions
P.R. Chari
Chapter 2
Afghanistan: Beginning of the Transition?
Shanthie Mariet D’Souza
Chapter 3
Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: Drone Attacks and Suicide Terrorism
D. Suba Chandran
Chapter 4
Jammu and Kashmir: Upsurge?
Kavita Suri
Chapter 5
Northeast India: Turn towards a Sustainable Peace?
Mirza Zulfiqur Rahman
Chapter 6
Naxal Violence: Resurgence or Desperation?
Rajat Kumar Kujur
Part II
Conflict Transformation and Early Warnings

Chapter 7
Conflict Transformation, Early Warnings and Conflict Alerts: An Introduction
D. Suba Chandran
Chapter 8
Jammu & Kashmir: Is the Violence Returning?
Ashok Bhan
Chapter 9
Northeast: From Insurgency to Terrorism?
Wasbir Hussain
Chapter 10
Nepal: Old Conflict, New Issues
Nishchalnath Pandey
Chapter 11
With Lions and without Tigers: Conflict Transformation and the Search for Peace in Sri Lanka
N. Manoharan
Chapter 12
Fundamentalist Violence: Will It Expand?
Radha Vinod Raju
Chapter 13
Will the Naxal Conflict Spread into Rest of India?
Medha Chaturvedi and P.G. Rajamohan

New Delhi: Routledge India

The Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS) is the premier South Asian think tank which conducts independent research on and provides an in depth analysis of conventional and non-conventional issues related to national and South Asian security including nuclear issues, disarmament, non-proliferation, weapons of mass destruction, the war on terrorism, counter terrorism , strategies security sector reforms, and armed conflict and peace processes in the region.

For those in South Asia and elsewhere, the IPCS website provides a comprehensive analysis of the happenings within India with a special focus on Jammu and Kashmir and Naxalite Violence. Our research promotes greater understanding of India's foreign policy especially India-China relations, India's relations with SAARC countries and South East Asia.

Through close interaction with leading strategic thinkers, former members of the Indian Administrative Service, the Foreign Service and the three wings of the Armed Forces - the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force, - the academic community as well as the media, the IPCS has contributed considerably to the strategic discourse in India.

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