Home Contact Us
Search :

Northeast - Articles

Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
#1716, 27 April 2005
How Did Bangladesh Become an Epicenter of Islamic Terrorism?
Satish Kumar
Lecturer, MMH College, Uttar Pradesh, India

Unprecedented mayhem under the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP), and Jamaat against religious and ethnic minorities has continued unabated. Besides numerous cases of dacoity, 305 serious cases of minority attacks were reported in the last few months. Last year, 11 members of a Hindu family at Sadhanpur village in the Banskhari area of Chittagong district were burnt to death by an Islamic outfit, which have become more organized under the present regime. The BNP came back to power in 2001. Jamaat became one of its leading partners. So, Islamic terrorist organizations got a license to unleash terror against the minority communities.

Bangladesh was formed on the basis of its own identity, which was moderate, secular and peace loving. Its 'Liberation Movement' fought against the Islamic and military terror of Pakistan. The conflict was between the moderate Bengali culture ethos and the theocratic reality of Pakistan. It is unfortunate that the new-born nation subsumed the very culture it had fought successfully in 1971.

Deeper analysis reveals that the Islamic indoctrination of Bangladesh was planted by Zulffikar Ali Bhotto, former Prime Minister of Pakistan. He knew that Bangladesh could become a India friendly country. Since Islam was the only weapon available to Pakistan, he drew up a long-term strategy to extricate Bangladesh from Indian influence.

The first set back to the post liberation movement was the killing of Sheikh Muzibur Rehman in a military putsch. General Ziaur Rehman became the new military dictator. He lifted the ban on communal and fundamentalist parties and de-secularized the Constitution in 1977 under pressure from Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and other Muslim countries. His successor, Gen. H M Ershad, declared Islam to be the state religion in 1988. This process of islamisation reactivated the Jamaat-e-Islami and other communal and fundamentalist forces in the country. Political Islam was supported by a steady flow of petro-dollars from Saudi Arabia and other Muslim countries, leading to the mushrooming of mosques, maktabs and madarssas in all parts of the country.

Islamic outfits in Bangladesh became transnational with the passage of time. Beginning in 1984, the Jamaat-e-Islami, in coordination with its Pakistan counterpart and the ISI, recruited 5000 madrassa alumni as Mujahideens and sent them in batches to Afghanistan to participate in the jihad against the Soviet occupation army. Here, they came into close contact with the Hizbul Islam, Al Qaeda, Taliban and Pakistani terrorist outfits like the Lashkar-e-Toiba and Jaish Mohammed.

After coming back from Afghanistan, these diehard fanatics organized a host of terrorist outfits in Bangladesh to establish a Talibanised transnational state comprising Bangladesh, Assam, Tripura, Muslim majority districts of West Bengal and the Rohingya Muslim dominated Arakan Hills of Myanmar.

Islamic venom spread with the formation of a coalition government in 2001. Jamaat-e-Islami was a major coalition partner of the BNP led government. The full support of the present government led to the formation of a number of other Islamic terrorist groups, like Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen (JuM), Sahadat-al-Hikam (SaH) and the JMJB. An umbrella organization called Bangladesh Islamic Munch was set up in 2002 with representatives from these groups. The mobilization of these Islamic outfits has a three-fold objective.

First, to dismantle the liberal and secular outlook of Bengali culture and establish a uncompromising, fundamentalist political set up. Second, terrorize and sideline the minority communities in Bangladesh. Their targets are not only Hindus and Christians but also the Ahmediya community, which has come under increasing attack from the Jamaat-e-islami and other fundamentalist forums. The present Bangladesh regime is planning to declare the Ahmediyas as non-Muslims as provided in the blasphemy law in Pakistan. Third, to spread Islamic fundamentalism in the adjoining areas of India. Some 20 million Bangladeshi migrants have fled from Bangladesh and concentrated in the border districts of West Bengal and the North Eastern states. Illegal migrants account for almost 15 percent the total population of Bangladesh. Migration has radically changed the demographic structure and communal complexion of this region.

By all accounts, the disrupted and dysfunctional state of Bangladesh is gearing up to become a monolithic Islamic state and a breeding ground of Islamic terror, which is a strategic challenge for India.

Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
IPCS Columnists
Af-Pak Diary
D Suba Chandran
The New Afghanistan: Four Major Challenges for President Ghani
Pakistan: Crouching Democrats, Hidden Khakis
Mullah Fazlullah: Challenges to the ďEliminate or ExtraditeĒ Approach
Big Picture
Prof Varun Sahni
When Xi Met Modi: Juxtaposing China and India
Pakistanís Tactical Nuclear Weapons: The Inevitability of Instability

Dateline Colombo

Asanga Abeyagoonasekera.
Stronger Democratic Values for a Better Tomorrow
Sri Lanka and China: Towards Innovation Driven Economies
India-Sri Lanka: Strengthening Regional Cooperation
Dateline Islamabad
Salma Malik
India-Pakistan: Working Boundaries and Lines of Uncontrolled Fire
Of Inquilab and the Inquilabis
Pakistan: Of Messiahs and Marches
Dateline Kabul
Mariam Safi
Can Afghanistan Become a "Perfect Place?"
Afghanistan: Political Crises After the Presidential Run-off
Talibanís Spring Offensive: Are the ANSF Prepared?
Dhaka Discourse
Prof Delwar Hossain
Bangladesh: Diplomatic Manoeuvres at the UNGA
Abeís Successful Visit to Dhaka: Two Political Challenges
Girl Summit Diplomacy and Bangladesh-UK Relations

Eagle Eye
Prof Chintamani Mahapatra
Modi-Obama Summit: Criticism for Criticismís Sake?
Changing Global Balance of Power: Obamaís Response
Obama Administration: Re-engaging India
East Asia Compass
Dr Sandip Mishra
India in East Asia: Modiís Three Summit Meets
Modi's Visit to Japan: Gauging Inter-State Relations in Asia
North Korea: Seeking New Friends?

Himalayan Frontier
Pramod Jaiswal
China in Nepal: Increasing Connectivity Via Railways
India-Nepal Hydroelectricity Deal: Making it Count
Federalism and Nepal: Internal Differences
Prof Shankari Sundararaman
The ASEAN's Centrality in the Indo-Pacific Region
Myanmar's Political Transition: Challenges of the 2015 Election
South China Sea: Intransigence Over Troubled Waters

Sushant Sareen
Pakistan: The Futility of Internationalising Kashmir
Pakistan: Why is Army against Nawaz Sharif?
Pakistan: Degraded Democracy
Maritime Matters
Vijay Sakhuja
Maritime Terrorism: Karachi as a Staging Point
Maritime Silk Road: Can India Leverage It?
BRICS: The Oceanic Connections

Middle Kingdom
DS Rajan
China in the Indian Ocean: Competing Priorities
China-Japan Friction: How can India Respond?
Nuke Street
Amb Sheelkant Sharma
India's Nuclear Capable Cruise Missile: The Nirbhay Test
India-Australia Nuclear Agreement: Bespeaking of a New Age
Remembering Hiroshima and Nagasaki: Musings on the Bomb

Red Affairs
Bibhu Prasad
Naxalites and the Might of a Fragile Revolution
Six Thousand Plus Killed: The Naxal Ideology of Violence
Anti-Naxal Operations: Seeking Refuge in Symbolism
South Asian Dialectic
PR Chari
Pakistani Taliban and Al Qaeda in Afghanistan: Implications for Asian Security
Obamaís New Strategy towards the Islamic State: Implications for India
Modiís Tryst with Abe

Spotlight West Asia
Amb Ranjit Gupta
War against the Islamic State: Political and Military Responses from the Region
The Islamic State: No Country for the Old World Order
India and the Conflict in Gaza
Strategic Space
Manpreet Sethi
Nasr: Dangers of Pakistan's Short Range Ballistic Missile
Uranium and Nuclear Power: Three Indian Stories
A Strategic Review for India

The Strategist
Vice Admiral Vijay Shankar
Strategic Estrangement: An Odd Bedfellow to Economic Engagement
The Islamic State Caliphate: A Mirage of Resurrection
A Covenant Sans Sword
Voice from America
Amit Gupta
Modiís US Visit: So Much Promise, Such Little Outcome
India and Australia: Beyond Curry, Cricket, and Commonwealth
And Then There is the Middle East: The Lack of an End-Game

Regional Economy
Amita Batra
Regional Economic Architecture: Is India Ready?

OTHER REGULAR contributors
Gurmeet Kanwal
Harun ur Rashid
N Manoharan
Wasbir Hussain
Rana Banerji
N Manoharan

Ruhee Neog
Teshu Singh
Aparupa Bhattacherjee
Roomana Hukil
Aparupa Bhattacherjee


Browse by Publications

Issue Briefs 
Special Reports 
Research Papers 
Seminar Reports 
Conference Reports 

Browse by Region/Countries

East Asia 
South Asia 
Southeast Asia 
US & South Asia 

Browse by Issues

India & the world  
Naxalite Violence 
Suicide Terrorism 
Peace & Conflict Database 
Article by same Author
Demoralized Police Force and Naxalism in Bihar

15th Lok Sabha's Verdict : Erosion of Naxal Base in Bihar

Social Entrepreneurs: Silent Killer of Naxal Forces in Bihar

How Anti-Naxal Forces Weakened in Bihar

Naxalism in Decline in Bihar

Changing Face of the Naxalites in Bihar: From Homelessness to Real Estate

Rapprochement with Nepal: India's Security Concerns

Pakistan's 'Great Game' in Central Asia

India and WTO: Some Critical Concerns

Myanmar: Contending hegemonies between India and China

Nuclearisation of Tibetan Plateau and its Implications for India

India Between America and Russia: Need to Tilt Towards U.S.

Y! MyWeb
Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
Year 2014
 January  February  March  April  May  June  July  August  September  October  November
 2013  2012  2011  2010  2009  2008  2007  2006
 2005  2004  2003  2002  2001  2000  1999  1998

The Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS) is the premier South Asian think tank which conducts independent research on and provides an in depth analysis of conventional and non-conventional issues related to national and South Asian security including nuclear issues, disarmament, non-proliferation, weapons of mass destruction, the war on terrorism, counter terrorism , strategies security sector reforms, and armed conflict and peace processes in the region.

For those in South Asia and elsewhere, the IPCS website provides a comprehensive analysis of the happenings within India with a special focus on Jammu and Kashmir and Naxalite Violence. Our research promotes greater understanding of India's foreign policy especially India-China relations, India's relations with SAARC countries and South East Asia.

Through close interaction with leading strategic thinkers, former members of the Indian Administrative Service, the Foreign Service and the three wings of the Armed Forces - the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force, - the academic community as well as the media, the IPCS has contributed considerably to the strategic discourse in India.

Subscribe to Newswire | Site Map | IPCS Email
B 7/3 Lower Ground Floor, Safdarjung Enclave, New Delhi 110029, INDIA.
Tel: 91-11-4100 1900, 4165 2556, 4165 2557, 4165 2558, 4165 2559 Fax: (91-11) 41652560
© Copyright 2014, Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies.
        Web Design by http://www.indiainternets.com