Home Contact Us
Search :

Jammu & Kashmir - Articles

Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
#865, 17 September 2002
September 11 and Kashmir: An Indian Perspective
D Suba Chandran
Research Officer, IPCS

   What are the implications of September 11 on Kashmir? Has the US War on Terrorism reduced militancy in the Valley? Has Kashmir become a part of the “international agenda”? How has the War on Terrorism left an impact on India’s war on terrorism in Kashmir? 

War on Terrorism and Militancy in Kashmir  

   In terms of statistics, there is no evidence that the global War on Terrorism has reduced militant attacks in Kashmir. In 2001, according to Indian Army reports, the militants have killed 786 civilians, on an average of 65 persons per month. Upto 15 August this year, 488 civilians have been killed, on an average of 61 persons each month. Hence, in terms of civilian casualties, there has been no reduction.

   In terms of major attacks by the militants, there is no proof either that it has reduced. Since September 11, 2001, there have been four major attacks. The first was in October 2001, in which the militants attacked the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly. The second attack was bolder, in which the militants attacked the Union Parliament in December 2001.  After a gap, the militants attacked the Army camp at Kaluchak in May 2002 and later, in August, there was an attack near Pahalgam on pilgrims visiting the Amarnath temple.

   Thus, since September 11, there has not been any decline in militant activities against the Indian state nor in their attacks upon civilians in Jammu and Kashmir.

Kashmir, September 11 and the International Agenda  

   The Indian government and many outside it expected that there would be an increased focus by the international community (read the US) against militancy in Kashmir. It was expected that they would force Pakistan to give up its active support for militants and stop crossborder terrorism by dismantling terrorist camps on its soil. However, this did not happen. 

   There was pressure on Musharraf to stop assistance to the militants and an attempt was made by the military regime on this account. Some leaders, including the heads of the Lashkar-e-Toiba and the Jaish-e-Mohammad were arrested; some jihadi organizations were banned, and their funds frozen. Both Pakistan and the US focused more on the Taliban and al-Qaeda terrorists and their supporters inside Pakistan. Though Musharraf made statements that he would stop cross-border terrorism, he made no concrete efforts. Even if he is sincere, it is doubtful, whether he would succeed, given the close relations between jihadi organizations and the military in Pakistan. 

   The US was never serious about extending the War on Terrorism against Pakistan’s activities in Kashmir. Whatever importance Kashmir has gained in the post-September 11 period, was due to the Indian military buildup along the border, and the fear of nuclear confrontation between India and Pakistan. Even in future, Kashmir will only become a part of the international agenda, as a “nuclear flash point” and not due to any militant activities.

Kashmir and India’s War on Terrorism  

   In the post September 11 period, especially after the attack on the Indian Parliament, India has launched a diplomatic and military offensive against terrorism in Jammu and Kashmir. The main objective was to identify Pakistan as the epicenter of terrorism, and pressure the international community to coerce Pakistan against sponsoring cross-border terrorism. Had the September 11 attack not taken place, the Government of India may not have undertaken such an offensive.

Kashmir and War on Terrorism  

   Many inside the Valley feel that, in the post-September 11 period, Kashmir has become part of the international agenda. There is an expectation that both India and Pakistan would be forced by the international community to negotiate and find a permanent solution for Kashmir. The Hurriyat believes that it would also be a part of such a trilateral dialogue; the National Conference believes that the international community should act against the militants and the Hurriyat, who are puppets in the hands of people from across the border. Moderate political groups in the Valley also believe that September 11 has placed Kashmir on the international radar scope, hence they expect the Union government to pursue a coherent and serious policy towards the state. The common people, however, are not sanguine about September 11 and the future of Kashmir; all they want is electricity, water and employment, and get rid of the corrupt NC. 

Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
IPCS Columnists
Af-Pak Diary
D Suba Chandran
Resetting Kabul-Islamabad Relations: Three Key Issues
Can Pakistan Reset its Relations with Afghanistan?
The New Afghanistan: Four Major Challenges for President Ghani
Big Picture
Prof Varun Sahni
Understanding Democracy and Diversity in J&K
When Xi Met Modi: Juxtaposing China and India
Pakistan’s Tactical Nuclear Weapons: The Inevitability of Instability

Dateline Colombo

Asanga Abeyagoonasekera.
Sri Lanka: Making a Case for Change
Connecting Sri Lanka: Train to Jaffna
Stronger Democratic Values for a Better Tomorrow
Dateline Islamabad
Salma Malik
Burying the Past: A New Beginning for Pakistan and Afghanistan
India-Pakistan: Working Boundaries and Lines of Uncontrolled Fire
Of Inquilab and the Inquilabis
Dateline Kabul
Mariam Safi
Af-Pak: A Fresh Start
Can Afghanistan Become a "Perfect Place?"
Afghanistan: Political Crises After the Presidential Run-off
Dhaka Discourse
Prof Delwar Hossain
Bangladesh in Global Forums: Diplomacy vs. Domestic Politics
Bangladesh: Diplomatic Manoeuvres at the UNGA
Abe’s Successful Visit to Dhaka: Two Political Challenges

Eagle Eye
Prof Chintamani Mahapatra
Has President Obama Turned Lame Duck?
Modi-Obama Summit: Criticism for Criticism’s Sake?
Changing Global Balance of Power: Obama’s Response
East Asia Compass
Dr Sandip Mishra
Abe-Xinping Summit Meet: A Thaw in China-Japan Relations?
South Korea's Foreign Policy: More Rhetoric, Less Content?
India in East Asia: Modi’s Three Summit Meets

Himalayan Frontier
Pramod Jaiswal
The Future of SAARC is Now
China in Nepal: Increasing Connectivity Via Railways
India-Nepal Hydroelectricity Deal: Making it Count
Prof Shankari Sundararaman
Modi in Myanmar: From ‘Look East’ to ‘Act East’
The ASEAN's Centrality in the Indo-Pacific Region
Myanmar's Political Transition: Challenges of the 2015 Election

Sushant Sareen
Islamic State: Prospects in Pakistan
Pakistan: The Futility of Internationalising Kashmir
Pakistan: Why is Army against Nawaz Sharif?
Maritime Matters
Vijay Sakhuja
India and Maritime Security: Do More
Indian Ocean and the IORA: Search and Rescue Operations
Maritime Terrorism: Karachi as a Staging Point

Middle Kingdom
Srikanth Kondapalli
China and Japan: Will the Twain Never Meet?
Narendra Modi and Xi Jinping: Building a Closer Developmental Partnership
Nuke Street
Amb Sheelkant Sharma
US-Russia and Global Nuclear Security: Under a Frosty Spell?
India's Nuclear Capable Cruise Missile: The Nirbhay Test
India-Australia Nuclear Agreement: Bespeaking of a New Age

Red Affairs
Bibhu Prasad
Naxal Violence: Challenges to Jharkhand Polls
Naxalites and the Might of a Fragile Revolution
Six Thousand Plus Killed: The Naxal Ideology of Violence
South Asian Dialectic
PR Chari
Defence Management in India: An Agenda for Parrikar
Pakistani Taliban and Al Qaeda in Afghanistan: Implications for Asian Security
Obama’s New Strategy towards the Islamic State: Implications for India

Spotlight West Asia
Amb Ranjit Gupta
Islamic State: The Efficacy of Counter-strategies
War against the Islamic State: Political and Military Responses from the Region
The Islamic State: No Country for the Old World Order
Strategic Space
Manpreet Sethi
Global Nuclear Disarmament: The Humanitarian Consequences Route
Nasr: Dangers of Pakistan's Short Range Ballistic Missile
Uranium and Nuclear Power: Three Indian Stories

The Strategist
Vice Admiral Vijay Shankar
Of Lawrence, Sykes-Picot and al-Baghdadi
Strategic Estrangement: An Odd Bedfellow to Economic Engagement
The Islamic State Caliphate: A Mirage of Resurrection
Voice from America
Amit Gupta
China's Global Ambition: Need to Emulate Germany
Mid-Term Elections: So What If the US Swings Hard Right?
Modi’s US Visit: So Much Promise, Such Little Outcome

Regional Economy
Amita Batra
18th SAARC Summit: An Economic Agenda
Regional Economic Architecture: Is India Ready?
Looking East
Wasbir Hussain
India-China: Securitising Water

OTHER REGULAR contributors
Gurmeet Kanwal
Harun ur Rashid
N Manoharan
Wasbir Hussain
Rana Banerji
N Manoharan

Ruhee Neog
Teshu Singh
Aparupa Bhattacherjee
Roomana Hukil
Aparupa Bhattacherjee


Browse by Publications

Issue Briefs 
Special Reports 
Research Papers 
Seminar Reports 
Conference Reports 

Browse by Region/Countries

East Asia 
South Asia 
Southeast Asia 
US & South Asia 

Browse by Issues

India & the world  
Naxalite Violence 
Suicide Terrorism 
Peace & Conflict Database 
Article by same Author
And Now, They Are Coming For Our Children

Pak-Afghan Reset: Will the Taliban and al Qaeda follow?

Resetting Kabul-Islamabad Relations: Three Key Issues

Rise India, avoid regional pitfalls

Foreign Fighters of Pakistan: Why Pashtuns and Punjabis?

Can Pakistan Reset its Relations with Afghanistan?

The New Afghanistan: Four Major Challenges for President Ghani

Narendra Modi and Xi Jinping: Strong Leaders, Hard Issues

Pakistan: The Coup that didn’t take

Pakistan: Crouching Democrats, Hidden Khakis

Processes at the cost of peace?

Cost of Peace

Rise of Democratic Anarchists

Don’t steal the election now

Mullah Fazlullah: Challenges to the “Eliminate or Extradite” Approach

The Tahirul Qadri Affair

Dhaka as the Gateway to India’s Look East Policy

Modi, Sharif and the Cross-LoC Interactions

Region by Sub-regions

Civil-Military Equations in Pakistan: Que Sera Sera

End of the Road for Taliban?

Presidential Election: Thus spoke the Afghans

Importance of Jamat-e-Islami

Talks with the Taliban: Endgame for the TTP

And Now, They are Coming for Us

Y! MyWeb
Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
Year 2014
 January  February  March  April  May  June  July  August  September  October  November  December
 2013  2012  2011  2010  2009  2008  2007  2006
 2005  2004  2003  2002  2001  2000  1999  1998

The Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS) is the premier South Asian think tank which conducts independent research on and provides an in depth analysis of conventional and non-conventional issues related to national and South Asian security including nuclear issues, disarmament, non-proliferation, weapons of mass destruction, the war on terrorism, counter terrorism , strategies security sector reforms, and armed conflict and peace processes in the region.

For those in South Asia and elsewhere, the IPCS website provides a comprehensive analysis of the happenings within India with a special focus on Jammu and Kashmir and Naxalite Violence. Our research promotes greater understanding of India's foreign policy especially India-China relations, India's relations with SAARC countries and South East Asia.

Through close interaction with leading strategic thinkers, former members of the Indian Administrative Service, the Foreign Service and the three wings of the Armed Forces - the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force, - the academic community as well as the media, the IPCS has contributed considerably to the strategic discourse in India.

Subscribe to Newswire | Site Map | IPCS Email
B 7/3 Lower Ground Floor, Safdarjung Enclave, New Delhi 110029, INDIA.
Tel: 91-11-4100 1900, 4165 2556, 4165 2557, 4165 2558, 4165 2559 Fax: (91-11) 41652560
© Copyright 2014, Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies.
        Web Design by http://www.indiainternets.com