Home Contact Us
Search :

Nepal - Articles

Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
#3436, 10 August 2011
Disintegration of Madhesi Parties: An Analysis
Buddhi Man Tamang
Research Intern, IPCS
email: buddhisyangdan@gmail.com

The recent split within the Nepal Sadhbavna Party(SP) into the Federal Sadhbavana Party(FSP) led by Anil Kumar Jha  has been primarily attributed to ideological differences with the SP party President Rajendra Mahato and the alleged appropriation of his position for personal benefits, thereby emphasizing  the trend of repeated splits within Madhesi parties. This article will address the following questions: Why are the Madhesi parties splitting? Is it because of lack of leadership or is India instigating it, as claimed by Nepali political parties? How does it affect Nepali politics?

Madhesis became a major political factor in Nepal after the Madhesh movement in 2007 and Constituent Assembly election (CA) in 2008, and after the MJF joined the UCPN (Maoist) government led by its Party President Upendra Yadav. MJF till date has split thrice. While there were several splits within the MJF during the initial phases of the Madhesh movement, their effect was negligible. These splits within the MJF however eventually culminated in the formation of the two parties, the MJF (Democratic) and MJF (Republican). Other major Madhesi political parties like the Terai Madhesh Democratic party (TMDP), Sadhbavna Party (SP) and Sadhbavna Party (Ananda Devi) have also experienced several splits, such as  the split in the Terai Madhesh Democratic Party (TMDP) leading to the formation of the TMDP-Nepal.

Upendra Yadav is the Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister in UCPN (Maoist) and United Marxist Leninist (UML) coalition government. The same government had a proposal for the extension of the Constituent Assembly term by one year. The government had planned to extend the CA term unilaterally, thus making a two-third majority in parliament with CPN (UML) and MJF. The UCPN (Maoist) was unable to develop a consensus in the Nepali Congress and between other smaller parties in the CA. In addition, the plan of the coalition government was adversely affected when the MJF split again, this time forming the Madhesi Janadhikar Forum (Rebublican) under Jaya Prakash Prasad Gupta’s leadership. Gupta accused Upendra Yadav’s lack of leadership, his support to the Maoists and to China as the reasons behind the break in the party. However in the proxy paper war, Yadav accused the Gupta faction of being financed by India to create division within the party. This view forwarded by Upendra Yadav was supplemented by reports and op-eds in news dailies, which were critical of India’s desire to influence the extension of the CA’s term. The Madhesi alliance with the new MJF (Republican), MJF (Democratic), (TMDP) and SP, along with most of the Madhesh-based parties except the Upendra Yadav faction led to the signing a 5-point agreement which proposed Prime Minister Khanal’s resignation and the inclusion of Madhesis in the army as demands for the extension of the CA term.

The question of India playing a role in the splits within Madhesi parties remains mostly unaswered. It has been suggested that the Madhesh movement was a card played by India in order to downsize the Maoists. There is some truth to this suggestion as India has internal Maoist issues of its own, and the success of Maoists in Nepal could be seen as providing a moral boost to the internal security problems  of India. It is not for the first time that a split within the Madhesi Janadhikar  Forum has been attributed to India’s role.  Upendra Yadav accused Bijay Kumar Gachhadar who formed the  Madhesi Janadhikar Forum Loktrantik of receving support from India. It must be noted that Yadav, who was believed to be in cohorts with India during the Madhesh movement, is now in the Maoist coalition.

How does the disintegration of Madhesh-based political parties affect Nepali politics?  The latest CA term extension and the decisive role played by the Madhesh-based parties’ in this extension displays the importance of Madhesi parties in Nepali politics. Their splits of have resulted in the overshadowing of crucial national interests mandated by the Madhesh movement such as state-restructuring, by political bargaining demands by the various factions.  In essence, the disintegration of the Madhesh-based political parties has widely sidelined the aspirations of the Madhesi population and the initial demands of the movement based on issues of deprivation and marginalization.

It is imperative for Madhesi political parties to be a part of the CA and play an effective role in making in drafting a constitution drafted which will legitimately address the voices of Madhesis.

Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
IPCS Columnists
Af-Pak Diary
D Suba Chandran
Resetting Kabul-Islamabad Relations: Three Key Issues
Can Pakistan Reset its Relations with Afghanistan?
The New Afghanistan: Four Major Challenges for President Ghani
Big Picture
Prof Varun Sahni
Understanding Democracy and Diversity in J&K
When Xi Met Modi: Juxtaposing China and India
Pakistan?s Tactical Nuclear Weapons: The Inevitability of Instability

Dateline Colombo

Asanga Abeyagoonasekera.
Sri Lanka: Moving Towards a Higher Collective Outcome
The Importance of Electing the Best to our Nation's Parliament
Sri Lanka: Toward a Diaspora Re-Engagement Plan
Dateline Islamabad
Salma Malik
Pakistan's Hurt Locker: What Next?
IPCS Forecast: Pakistan in 2015
India-Pakistan Relations in 2015: Through a Looking Glass
Dhaka Discourse
Prof Delwar Hossain
IPCS Forecast: Bangladesh in 2015
18th SAARC Summit: A Perspective from Bangladesh
Bangladesh in Global Forums: Diplomacy vs. Domestic Politics
Eagle Eye
Prof Chintamani Mahapatra
India-US: Significance of the Second Modi-Obama Meet
Has President Obama Turned Lame Duck?
Modi-Obama Summit: Criticism for Criticism?s Sake?

East Asia Compass
Dr Sandip Mishra
India-Japan-US Trilateral: India?s Policy for the Indo-Pacific
China-South Korea Ties: Implications for the US Pivot to Asia
Many ?Pivots to Asia?: What Does It Mean For Regional Stability?
Himalayan Frontier
Pramod Jaiswal
Nepal?s New Constitution: Instrument towards Peace or Catalyst to Conflict?
IPCS Forecast: Nepal in 2015
Constitution-making: Will Nepal Miss its Second Deadline?

Prof Shankari Sundararaman
IPCS Forecast: Southeast Asia in 2015
Indonesia's Pacific Identity: What Jakarta Must Do in West Papua
Modi in Myanmar: From ?Look East? to ?Act East?
Sushant Sareen
IPCS Forecast: Pakistan in 2015
Islamic State: Prospects in Pakistan
Pakistan: The Futility of Internationalising Kashmir

Looking East
Wasbir Hussain
Myanmar in New Delhi's Naga Riddle
China: ?Peaceful? Display of Military Might
Naga Peace Accord: Need to Reserve Euphoria
Maritime Matters
Vijay Sakhuja
Indian Ocean: Modi on a Maritime Pilgrimage
Indian Ocean: Exploring Maritime Domain Awareness
IPCS Forecast: The Indian Ocean in 2015

Nuke Street
Amb Sheelkant Sharma
US-Russia and Global Nuclear Security: Under a Frosty Spell?
India's Nuclear Capable Cruise Missile: The Nirbhay Test
India-Australia Nuclear Agreement: Bespeaking of a New Age
Red Affairs
Bibhu Prasad
Countering Left Wing Extremism: Failures within Successes
Return of the Native: CPI-Maoist in Kerala
The Rising Civilian Costs of the State-Vs-Extremists Conflict

Regional Economy
Amita Batra
India and the APEC
IPCS Forecast: South Asian Regional Integration
South Asia: Rupee Regionalisation and Intra-regional Trade Enhancement
South Asian Dialectic
PR Chari
Resuming the Indo-Pak Dialogue: Evolving a New Focus
Defence Management in India: An Agenda for Parrikar
Pakistani Taliban and Al Qaeda in Afghanistan: Implications for Asian Security

Spotlight West Asia
Amb Ranjit Gupta
Prime Minister Modi Finally Begins His Interaction with West Asia*
A Potential Indian Role in West Asia?
US-GCC Summit: More Hype than Substance
Strategic Space
Manpreet Sethi
India-Russia Nuclear Vision Statement: See that it Delivers
Global Nuclear Disarmament: The Humanitarian Consequences Route
Nasr: Dangers of Pakistan's Short Range Ballistic Missile

The Strategist
Vice Admiral Vijay Shankar
Jihadi Aggression and Nuclear Deterrence
The Blight of Ambiguity
Falun Gong: The Fear Within

OTHER REGULAR contributors
Gurmeet Kanwal
Harun ur Rashid
N Manoharan
Wasbir Hussain
Rana Banerji
N Manoharan

Ruhee Neog
Teshu Singh
Aparupa Bhattacherjee
Roomana Hukil
Aparupa Bhattacherjee

Related Articles
Roomana Hukil,
"Cauvery and the Monsoon Surge," 24 June 2013
Roomana Hukil,
"India, China, and Bangladesh: The Contentious Politics of the Brahmaputra River," 9 March 2013
Rajaram Panda,
"North Korea: Third Nuclear Test," 13 February 2013
Debak Das,
"Nuclear Weapons: Can They Be Made Strategically Obsolete?," 12 February 2013
Dil Bahadur Rahut & Medha Bisht,
"Special Commentary: India and Bhutan," 28 January 2013
Tanvi Kulkarni,
"Debate: Indiaís Nuclear Doctrine and Radiological Weapons," 16 February 2012
Alankrita Sinha,
"Debate: Indiaís Nuclear Doctrine and Radiological Weapons," 16 February 2012
Ali Ahmed,
"Cold Start: One Step Forward, Two Steps Back?," 20 January 2012
Pradeepa Viswanathan,
"Nepal in 2011: A Turbulent Peace?," 20 January 2012
PR Chari,
"Analyzing 2011: Prognosticating 2012," 3 January 2012

Browse by Publications

Issue Briefs 
Special Reports 
Research Papers 
Seminar Reports 
Conference Reports 

Browse by Region/Countries

East Asia 
South Asia 
Southeast Asia 
US & South Asia 

Browse by Issues

India & the world  
Naxalite Violence 
Suicide Terrorism 
Peace & Conflict Database 
Article by same Author
Nepalís Truth and Reconciliation Commission: Can it Heal Old Wounds?

Nepalís Peace Process and the ICG Report

The India-Nepal Peace and Friendship Treaty of 1950: Calls for Revision

Y! MyWeb
Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
Year 2015
 January  February  March  April  May  June  July  August  September  October  November
 2014  2013  2012  2011  2010  2009  2008  2007
 2006  2005  2004  2003  2002  2001  2000  1999
 1998  1997

The Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS) is the premier South Asian think tank which conducts independent research on and provides an in depth analysis of conventional and non-conventional issues related to national and South Asian security including nuclear issues, disarmament, non-proliferation, weapons of mass destruction, the war on terrorism, counter terrorism , strategies security sector reforms, and armed conflict and peace processes in the region.

For those in South Asia and elsewhere, the IPCS website provides a comprehensive analysis of the happenings within India with a special focus on Jammu and Kashmir and Naxalite Violence. Our research promotes greater understanding of India's foreign policy especially India-China relations, India's relations with SAARC countries and South East Asia.

Through close interaction with leading strategic thinkers, former members of the Indian Administrative Service, the Foreign Service and the three wings of the Armed Forces - the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force, - the academic community as well as the media, the IPCS has contributed considerably to the strategic discourse in India.

Subscribe to Newswire | Site Map | IPCS Email
B 7/3 Lower Ground Floor, Safdarjung Enclave, New Delhi 110029, INDIA.

Tel: 91-11-4100-1900, Tel: 91-11-4100-1901, Tel/Fax: 91-11-4100-1902

© Copyright 2015, Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies.
        Web Design by http://www.indiainternets.com