Home Contact Us
Search :
   

Naxalite Violence - Articles

Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
#2856, 1 May 2009
 
Social Entrepreneurs: Silent Killer of Naxal Forces in Bihar
Satish Kumar
Sr. Lecturer, MMH College, Ghaziabad
e-mail: bindusatish@rediffmail.com
 


Naxalism in Bihar is expanding in some of the northern districts while at the same time declining in traditional strongholds in central Bihar. Many initiatives have been planned by the central government to combat Naxal forces in the last one year. Since Bihar is one of the states which has the largest numbers of zamindars or landlords and the biggest chunk of landless farmers in the country, the industrialization in Bihar has been in regressive mode for the last many years. The flow of funds into Bihar has mainly two sources – one, government funds for development and the other include NGO funds from different sources. This flow of funds has been misappropriated for decades due to rampant corruption and widespread nepotism and casteism. The accumulated impact of the failures of developmental initiatives created an impression among the Dalits and adivasis that while they have rights under the Constitution, the executors of the Constitution do not want to deliver these to them.

This disenchantment created a new turf for the Naxalites to intervene and become the custodians of the poor. Gradually they expanded into more than 22 districts of Bihar. The new initiatives of the central government have tried to implement a judicious mixture of welfare packages and providing sufficient paramilitary forces to curb the Naxal violence. The full impact of the new plan will only be seen in the coming years. Extensive research at the grassroots level reveals many different perspectives. One of the less known facts is the role of a silent killer of Naxal forces, namely, the role of social entrepreneurs. One case study from Bihar amplifies this fact. It is important to study how social entrepreneurs can defeat Naxal outfits without fighting a war against them.

A social entrepreneur from Bihar, Arbind Singh of Nidan won the Social Entrepreneur of the Year 2008 Award at the India Economic Summit held on 18 November 2008 in New Delhi held under the aegis of the World Economic Summit. Nidan works in different districts of Bihar and focuses on empowering the most marginalized sections of society. It initiated the process of micro-credit system in poor, mostly Dalit areas in the districts of Bhojpur, Samastipur, Patna, Jammui, Katihar and Muzaffarpur. Of these, Bhojpur and Jamui, are highly affected by Naxalism. During the process of creating self-help groups Naxal outfits tried to dismantle the basic structures of the organization and threatened the staff of Nidan with dire consequences. However, Nidan did not try to clash with the Naxalites and continued its work. The aim of creating self-help groups was to link them with the banking system which provides them loan for their business and which the group repays in due course.

Nidan’s work started in 1997 when the Naxal hold in some of its operational areas was at its peak. There was a direct threat to the poor not to attend any of the organization’s meetings. A decade later, the exercise has brought tangible results. The changing socioeconomic status of people, especially Dalits, created a dividing line with the Dalits from Bhojpur and Jamui supporting developmental initiatives. The change of thought among the weaker sections of society weakened the Naxal movement in Bihar. The good work of Nidan espoused a hope for dignified lives.

Nidan also engaged in the fight against the policies of the government through democratic means and has largely succeeded in its attempt. There was no one in society to fight a legal battle of the poor, least of all the Naxalites but Nidan did it through its legal help line. This has also brought the community into close proximity with the organization. Nidan started engaging larger sections of society to fight against arbitrary policies of the government. For example, under Nidan’s activities thousands of mostly Dalit rag-pickers in the six districts found a platform of dignity and economic safety. Nidan has also provided bread and butter to thousand of families. Initiation of community schools for the poor cemented the bondage of poor people with Nidan

While not getting into a situation of conflict with Naxal groups, Nidan’s initiatives nevertheless impacted on the expansion of Naxalism. The organization’s success has shown three things clearly. First, that development is possible in peace and not in social conflict. Second, that Naxal groups have never brought accumulative socioeconomic development to the marginalized sections of the society. Third, Nidan has taught the poor to realize their strengths. It has shown the democratic way of challenging government policies and has dissuaded the poor from making their way into Naxalism.

Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
IPCS Columnists
Af-Pak Diary
D Suba Chandran
Resetting Kabul-Islamabad Relations: Three Key Issues
Can Pakistan Reset its Relations with Afghanistan?
The New Afghanistan: Four Major Challenges for President Ghani
Big Picture
Prof Varun Sahni
Understanding Democracy and Diversity in J&K
When Xi Met Modi: Juxtaposing China and India
Pakistan’s Tactical Nuclear Weapons: The Inevitability of Instability

Dateline Colombo

Asanga Abeyagoonasekera.
Sri Lanka: Making a Case for Change
Connecting Sri Lanka: Train to Jaffna
Stronger Democratic Values for a Better Tomorrow
Dateline Islamabad
Salma Malik
Burying the Past: A New Beginning for Pakistan and Afghanistan
India-Pakistan: Working Boundaries and Lines of Uncontrolled Fire
Of Inquilab and the Inquilabis
 
Dateline Kabul
Mariam Safi
Af-Pak: A Fresh Start
Can Afghanistan Become a "Perfect Place?"
Afghanistan: Political Crises After the Presidential Run-off
Dhaka Discourse
Prof Delwar Hossain
Bangladesh in Global Forums: Diplomacy vs. Domestic Politics
Bangladesh: Diplomatic Manoeuvres at the UNGA
Abe’s Successful Visit to Dhaka: Two Political Challenges

Eagle Eye
Prof Chintamani Mahapatra
Has President Obama Turned Lame Duck?
Modi-Obama Summit: Criticism for Criticism’s Sake?
Changing Global Balance of Power: Obama’s Response
East Asia Compass
Dr Sandip Mishra
Abe-Xinping Summit Meet: A Thaw in China-Japan Relations?
South Korea's Foreign Policy: More Rhetoric, Less Content?
India in East Asia: Modi’s Three Summit Meets

Himalayan Frontier
Pramod Jaiswal
The Future of SAARC is Now
China in Nepal: Increasing Connectivity Via Railways
India-Nepal Hydroelectricity Deal: Making it Count
Indo-Pacific
Prof Shankari Sundararaman
Modi in Myanmar: From ‘Look East’ to ‘Act East’
The ASEAN's Centrality in the Indo-Pacific Region
Myanmar's Political Transition: Challenges of the 2015 Election

Indus-tan
Sushant Sareen
Islamic State: Prospects in Pakistan
Pakistan: The Futility of Internationalising Kashmir
Pakistan: Why is Army against Nawaz Sharif?
Maritime Matters
Vijay Sakhuja
India and Maritime Security: Do More
Indian Ocean and the IORA: Search and Rescue Operations
Maritime Terrorism: Karachi as a Staging Point

Middle Kingdom
Srikanth Kondapalli
China and Japan: Will the Twain Never Meet?
Narendra Modi and Xi Jinping: Building a Closer Developmental Partnership
Nuke Street
Amb Sheelkant Sharma
US-Russia and Global Nuclear Security: Under a Frosty Spell?
India's Nuclear Capable Cruise Missile: The Nirbhay Test
India-Australia Nuclear Agreement: Bespeaking of a New Age

Red Affairs
Bibhu Prasad
Naxal Violence: Challenges to Jharkhand Polls
Naxalites and the Might of a Fragile Revolution
Six Thousand Plus Killed: The Naxal Ideology of Violence
South Asian Dialectic
PR Chari
Defence Management in India: An Agenda for Parrikar
Pakistani Taliban and Al Qaeda in Afghanistan: Implications for Asian Security
Obama’s New Strategy towards the Islamic State: Implications for India

Spotlight West Asia
Amb Ranjit Gupta
Islamic State: The Efficacy of Counter-strategies
War against the Islamic State: Political and Military Responses from the Region
The Islamic State: No Country for the Old World Order
Strategic Space
Manpreet Sethi
Global Nuclear Disarmament: The Humanitarian Consequences Route
Nasr: Dangers of Pakistan's Short Range Ballistic Missile
Uranium and Nuclear Power: Three Indian Stories

The Strategist
Vice Admiral Vijay Shankar
Of Lawrence, Sykes-Picot and al-Baghdadi
Strategic Estrangement: An Odd Bedfellow to Economic Engagement
The Islamic State Caliphate: A Mirage of Resurrection
Voice from America
Amit Gupta
China's Global Ambition: Need to Emulate Germany
Mid-Term Elections: So What If the US Swings Hard Right?
Modi’s US Visit: So Much Promise, Such Little Outcome

Regional Economy
Amita Batra
18th SAARC Summit: An Economic Agenda
Regional Economic Architecture: Is India Ready?
Looking East
Wasbir Hussain
India-China: Securitising Water

OTHER REGULAR contributors
Gurmeet Kanwal
Harun ur Rashid
N Manoharan
Wasbir Hussain
Rana Banerji
N Manoharan

Ruhee Neog
Teshu Singh
Aparupa Bhattacherjee
Roomana Hukil
Aparupa Bhattacherjee


 
Related Articles
Medha Chaturvedi,
"BKI and the Naxals in Punjab: Opportunist Allies?," 18 January 2012
Alankrita Sinha and Namrata Hasija,
"BKI and the Naxals in Punjab: Unlikely Cohorts," 18 January 2012
Firdaus Ahmed,
"Rescuing Tribal India: The Nagaland Model," 5 December 2011
Rajat Kumar Kujur,
"Maoist Encounter: Fall of the Legend," 28 November 2011
Lucy Dubochet,
"Naxal-Affected States: Will the Curse of Natural Resources Be Avoided?," 1 December 2010
Lt. Gen (Retd.) Tej Pathak,
"Armed Forces in Anti-Naxal Operations-I: Identifying the Problem," 15 September 2010
Lt. Gen (Retd.) Tej Pathak,
"Armed Forces in Anti-Naxal Operations-II: Mechanics for Employment," 15 September 2010
Radhakrishna Rao,
"Mines, Tribes and Naxals," 14 September 2010
Medha Chaturvedi,
"Fighting the Naxalites: CRPF is not the Best Option," 17 August 2010
D Suba Chandran,
"Fighting the Naxalites: CRPF is the Best Option," 17 August 2010

Browse by Publications

Commentaries 
Issue Briefs 
Special Reports 
Research Papers 
Seminar Reports 
Conference Reports 

Browse by Region/Countries

East Asia 
South Asia 
Southeast Asia 
US & South Asia 
China 
Myanmar 
Afghanistan 
Iran 
Pakistan 
India 
J&K  

Browse by Issues

India & the world  
Indo-Pak 
Military 
Terrorism 
Naxalite Violence 
Nuclear 
Suicide Terrorism 
Peace & Conflict Database 
Article by same Author
Demoralized Police Force and Naxalism in Bihar

15th Lok Sabha's Verdict : Erosion of Naxal Base in Bihar

How Anti-Naxal Forces Weakened in Bihar

Naxalism in Decline in Bihar

Changing Face of the Naxalites in Bihar: From Homelessness to Real Estate

Rapprochement with Nepal: India's Security Concerns

Pakistan's 'Great Game' in Central Asia

How Did Bangladesh Become an Epicenter of Islamic Terrorism?

India and WTO: Some Critical Concerns

Myanmar: Contending hegemonies between India and China

Nuclearisation of Tibetan Plateau and its Implications for India

India Between America and Russia: Need to Tilt Towards U.S.

ADD TO:
Blink
Del.icio.us
Digg
Furl
Google
Simpy
Spurl
Y! MyWeb
Facebook
 
Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
Year 2014
 January  February  March  April  May  June  July  August  September  October  November  December
 2013  2012  2011  2010  2009  2008  2007  2006
 2005  2004  2003  2002  2001  2000  1999  1998
 1997
 
 

The Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS) is the premier South Asian think tank which conducts independent research on and provides an in depth analysis of conventional and non-conventional issues related to national and South Asian security including nuclear issues, disarmament, non-proliferation, weapons of mass destruction, the war on terrorism, counter terrorism , strategies security sector reforms, and armed conflict and peace processes in the region.

For those in South Asia and elsewhere, the IPCS website provides a comprehensive analysis of the happenings within India with a special focus on Jammu and Kashmir and Naxalite Violence. Our research promotes greater understanding of India's foreign policy especially India-China relations, India's relations with SAARC countries and South East Asia.

Through close interaction with leading strategic thinkers, former members of the Indian Administrative Service, the Foreign Service and the three wings of the Armed Forces - the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force, - the academic community as well as the media, the IPCS has contributed considerably to the strategic discourse in India.

 
Subscribe to Newswire | Site Map | IPCS Email
B 7/3 Lower Ground Floor, Safdarjung Enclave, New Delhi 110029, INDIA.
Tel: 91-11-4100 1900, 4165 2556, 4165 2557, 4165 2558, 4165 2559 Fax: (91-11) 41652560
Email:
© Copyright 2014, Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies.
        Web Design by http://www.indiainternets.com