Home Contact Us
Search :
   

Naxalite Violence - Articles

Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
#3429, 11 July 2011
 
Nepal’s Peace Process and the ICG Report
Buddhi Man Tamang
Research Intern, IPCS
email: buddhisyangdan@gmail.com
 

Recently, the International Crisis Group (ICG) published a report titled ‘Nepal’s Fitful Peace Process.’ This comes a month before the extension of the Constituent Assembly’s term by three months for the second time. The report covers four crucial issues: the delay in drafting the constitution, integration and the rehabilitation of the Maoist Army, lack of political consensus among the political parties and the role of international community in facilitating Nepal’s peace process.

Differences among Nepali Congress (NC), Communist Party of Nepal United Marxist Leninist (CPN-UML) and United Communist Party of Nepal- Maoist (UCPN-M) on federalism are identified as the reasons for delaying the drafting of Constitution. UCPN (Maoist) has demanded an ethnicity-based federal structure which is also the demand of the indigenous ethnic groups in Nepal. However, the NC and CPN (UML) are against this proposal by the UCPN (Maoist). The working of the CA has been widely affected because of these differences. The indigenous groups will not give up the demand of ethnic federalism even if the Maoist give it up. In fact, the Maoists got unanimous support of the indigenous groups for proposing ethnic federalism in their political manifesto.

State restructuring, marginal voices on resurrection of 1990’s constitution and Madhesi’s view points on state restructuring are other issues hindering the drafting process of the constitution. Likewise, the report deals with the seven month house agitation of the Prime Ministerial election widely affecting the constitution drafting process. Political parties are also divided on the form of governance, language and system of leadership (executive presidency or prime ministerial) in the new constitution. These disputes have obstructed the making of concrete decisions in thematic committees.

However, the report appreciates the 50-days integration plan for the Maoist army personnel forwarded by the Special Committee under the highest political decision-making forum. The report also highlights the probable conflicts after the integration of the national army. It further deals with the concept of the promotion of harmonization among integrated Maoist and national army so that they can mutually co-operate putting aside the past chaos and animosity. The debate on democratization of Nepal’s army revolves around the choice of downsizing it or democratizing it through inclusiveness. Madheshi parties have demanded the inclusion of Madhesi’s in the Nepalese army and are now using it as a bargaining chip for extension of the CA term.

With regards to the involvement of the international forces in Nepal’s peace and constitution building process, the report is critical of India’s involvement in encouraging Madhesi forces towards dissolution of CA to counter Maoists. The report advocates that the dissolution of the CA cannot resolve the ongoing political instabilities. India shares the credit of the 12 point agreement signed between the then Seven Party Alliance and the CPN (Maoist) as the political roadmap of Nepal’s peace process. The cold war between India and UCPN (Maoist) started when Prachanda went to China, breaking the tradition of visiting India as Prime Minister.

It focuses on the drama of the longest Prime Ministerial election in the Nepalese parliament (Prachanda’s ambition of being Prime Minister, the fraction in the Maoist party between the hardliner Mohan Vaidya and architect of the peace process Baburam Bhattarai). This intra-party politics within the Maoist cadre and their accusation that India is not helping in the premiership race has been brought out in the report as India’s negative influential presence in Nepalese politics. The report equally highlights India’s lobby of departure of United Nations Mission to Nepal (UNMIN) because of India’s constraint on interest articulation of the western forces through the mission. UNMIN was invited to assist Nepal’s peace process signed between the government of Nepal and the then CPN (Maoist). UNMIN had been mandated to monitor the CA election and the verification of the Maoist armies.

It also covers the CPN (UML)s’ strategic way of dealing with Maoists and India with different fractional groups in order to play power politics. The rhetoric of the democratic alliance is projected through the Nepali Congress, which is supported by smaller parties, who believe that democracy provides the best ideological balance to reduce influence of the left majority. The report thus makes to appeal to both, India and the international community to help facilitate Nepal’s peace and constitution writing process.

Although the report has exaggerated some of the issues, the lack of confidence among the political parties to reach a consensus supports the argument presented in the report and makes scope or the critique of the government. The concluding note that the Constituent Assembly is the only legitimate forum to address the genuine voices of all the groups be it Madhesis, Janajatis or every Nepalese emphasizes the importance of the CA in legitimizing the logical conclusion of the peace process.

Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
IPCS Columnists
Af-Pak Diary
D Suba Chandran
Pakistan: Crouching Democrats, Hidden Khakis
Mullah Fazlullah: Challenges to the ?Eliminate or Extradite? Approach
Taliban after Afghan Elections: Spring Offensive or the Last Stand?
Dateline Islamabad
Salma Malik
Of Inquilab and the Inquilabis
Pakistan: Of Messiahs and Marches
Zarb-e-Azb: The Decisive Strike

Dateline Kabul
Mariam Safi
Can Afghanistan Become a "Perfect Place?"
Afghanistan: Political Crises After the Presidential Run-off
Taliban?s Spring Offensive: Are the ANSF Prepared?
Dhaka Discourse
Prof Delwar Hossain
Abe?s Successful Visit to Dhaka: Two Political Challenges
Girl Summit Diplomacy and Bangladesh-UK Relations
India-Bangladesh: After Sushma Swaraj's Visit

Eagle Eye
Prof Chintamani Mahapatra
Changing Global Balance of Power: Obama?s Response
Obama Administration: Re-engaging India
US in South Asia: Declining Influence
East Asia Compass
Dr Sandip Mishra
Modi's Visit to Japan: Gauging Inter-State Relations in Asia
North Korea: Seeking New Friends?
China-South Korea: Changing Dynamics of Regional Politics

Himalayan Frontier
Pramod Jaiswal
India-Nepal Hydroelectricity Deal: Making it Count
Federalism and Nepal: Internal Differences
Modi and Nepal-India Relations
Maritime Matters
Vijay Sakhuja
Maritime Silk Road: Can India Leverage It?
BRICS: The Oceanic Connections
India-EU: Exploring Maritime Convergences

Middle Kingdom
DS Rajan
China in the Indian Ocean: Competing Priorities
China-Japan Friction: How can India Respond?
Nuke Street
Amb Sheelkant Sharma
India-Australia Nuclear Agreement: Bespeaking of a New Age
Remembering Hiroshima and Nagasaki: Musings on the Bomb
The Second Nuclear Age in the Asia Pacific

Red Affairs
Bibhu Prasad
Six Thousand Plus Killed: The Naxal Ideology of Violence
Anti-Naxal Operations: Seeking Refuge in Symbolism
A 'New' Counter-Naxal Action Plan
South Asian Dialectic
PR Chari
Obama?s New Strategy towards the Islamic State: Implications for India
Modi?s Tryst with Abe
Thinking the Unthinkable: Promoting Nuclear Disarmament

Spotlight West Asia
Amb Ranjit Gupta
The Islamic State: No Country for the Old World Order
India and the Conflict in Gaza
India in Iraq: Need for Better Focus
Strategic Space
Manpreet Sethi
Uranium and Nuclear Power: Three Indian Stories
A Strategic Review for India
Indian Ratification of the Additional Protocol: Mischievous Reports Miss its Significance

The Strategist
Vice Admiral Vijay Shankar
The Islamic State Caliphate: A Mirage of Resurrection
A Covenant Sans Sword
Strife on the Global Commons
Dateline Colombo

Asanga Abeyagoonasekera.
Sri Lanka and China: Towards Innovation Driven Economies
India-Sri Lanka: Strengthening Regional Cooperation
Sri Lanka: A New Melody for Nation-building
Indus-tan
Sushant Sareen
Pakistan: Why is Army against Nawaz Sharif?
Pakistan: Degraded Democracy
Domestic Politicking in Pakistan: It's Not Cricket, Stupid!
Voice from America
Amit Gupta
India and Australia: Beyond Curry, Cricket, and Commonwealth
And Then There is the Middle East: The Lack of an End-Game
US and the World Cup: Nationalism without Football?

OTHER REGULAR contributors
Gurmeet Kanwal
Harun ur Rashid
N Manoharan
Wasbir Hussain
Rana Banerji
N Manoharan

Ruhee Neog
Teshu Singh
Aparupa Bhattacherjee
Roomana Hukil
Aparupa Bhattacherjee


 
Related Articles
Roomana Hukil,
"Teesta Water Accord: Expectations for Indo-Bangladesh Water Diplomacy," 25 February 2013
Dipankar Banerjee,
"Special Commentary: Resolving the ‘Siachen’ Dispute," 26 April 2012
Sitakanta Mishra,
"US, Iran and Israel: India in a Diplomatic Bind," 27 February 2012
Amruta Karambelkar,
"Indo-Vietnam Defence Relations: Strategically Responsive," 31 January 2012
Pradeepa Viswanathan,
"Nepal in 2011: A Turbulent Peace?," 20 January 2012
D Suba Chandran,
"A 'Delhi Discourse' with Central Asia: Reviving Linkages," 10 January 2012
Tanvi Kulkarni,
"India, Australia and Uranium: What after the ‘Labor’ Pains?," 30 December 2011
Pradeepa Viswanathan,
"Unrest in Buddha’s Homeland: The Curious Case of Lumbini," 23 December 2011
Bhartendu Kumar Singh,
"India's China Policy: Should it be ‘Effective’ or ‘Assertive’?," 23 December 2011
J Jeganaathan,
"The Afghan Debate: Is India the Solution?," 13 December 2011

Browse by Publications

Commentaries 
Issue Briefs 
Special Reports 
Research Papers 
Seminar Reports 
Conference Reports 

Browse by Region/Countries

East Asia 
South Asia 
Southeast Asia 
US & South Asia 
China 
Myanmar 
Afghanistan 
Iran 
Pakistan 
India 
J&K  

Browse by Issues

India & the world  
Indo-Pak 
Military 
Terrorism 
Naxalite Violence 
Nuclear 
Suicide Terrorism 
Peace & Conflict Database 
Article by same Author
Nepal’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission: Can it Heal Old Wounds?

Disintegration of Madhesi Parties: An Analysis

The India-Nepal Peace and Friendship Treaty of 1950: Calls for Revision

ADD TO:
Blink
Del.icio.us
Digg
Furl
Google
Simpy
Spurl
Y! MyWeb
Facebook
 
Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
Year 2014
 January  February  March  April  May  June  July  August  September  October
 2013  2012  2011  2010  2009  2008  2007  2006
 2005  2004  2003  2002  2001  2000  1999  1998
 1997
 
 

The Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS) is the premier South Asian think tank which conducts independent research on and provides an in depth analysis of conventional and non-conventional issues related to national and South Asian security including nuclear issues, disarmament, non-proliferation, weapons of mass destruction, the war on terrorism, counter terrorism , strategies security sector reforms, and armed conflict and peace processes in the region.

For those in South Asia and elsewhere, the IPCS website provides a comprehensive analysis of the happenings within India with a special focus on Jammu and Kashmir and Naxalite Violence. Our research promotes greater understanding of India's foreign policy especially India-China relations, India's relations with SAARC countries and South East Asia.

Through close interaction with leading strategic thinkers, former members of the Indian Administrative Service, the Foreign Service and the three wings of the Armed Forces - the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force, - the academic community as well as the media, the IPCS has contributed considerably to the strategic discourse in India.

 
Subscribe to Newswire | Site Map | IPCS Email
B 7/3 Lower Ground Floor, Safdarjung Enclave, New Delhi 110029, INDIA.
Tel: 91-11-4100 1900, 4165 2556, 4165 2557, 4165 2558, 4165 2559 Fax: (91-11) 41652560
Email:
© Copyright 2014, Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies.
        Web Design by http://www.indiainternets.com