Home Contact Us  

Naxalite Violence - Articles

Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
#3737, 25 October 2012
Development Initiatives in Naxal Affected Areas
Saumitra Mohan
District Magistrate and Collector, West Bengal
email: saumitra_mohan@hotmail.com

The problem of left wing extremism (LWE) has incessantly drawn the attention of the governments at the Union and State levels, which are trying to tackle with it in their own ways. Coordinated efforts of the two Governments to reach out to the underprivileged in the LWE affected areas have borne fruits, with the retreat of the Naxalites in recent times. This is notwithstanding the latter’s attempts at rediscovering themselves including indulgence in sporadic violence. 

The Planning Commission of India (PCI) is spearheading the implementation of the Integrated Action Plan (IAP) in the 83 selected tribal and backward districts for their accelerated development. The aim of this initiative is to provide public infrastructure and services in the affected/contiguous Districts. Therefore, the nature of major works/projects taken up by the districts under the IAP include construction of school buildings/school furniture, anganwadi centres, drinking water facilities, rural roads, Panchayat Bhawans/Community Halls, godowns/PDS shops, livelihood activities, skill development/vocational trainings, minor irrigation works, electric lighting, health centres/facilities, Ashram schools, construction of toilets, construction of multi-purpose chabutra, construction of passenger-waiting hall, special coaching classes for students, construction of ANM (auxiliary nurse and midwife) Centres, development of play grounds etc.

The IAP had been conceptualized by the Planning Commission and is being implemented by the Union Ministry of Home Affairs to supplement the infrastructure deficit in the naxal-affected districts. Realizing the road connectivity to be a major bottleneck in naxal-affected areas, the Union Government wants to connect each habitation in the IAP district within the next three years.

Under the existing IAP plan, a Committee headed by the District Collector initiates development projects related to infrastructure, health, education and employment in each of the 83 naxal-affected districts. The Committee consists of District Forest Officer and Superintendent of Police. However, demands have been raised for the inclusion of representatives of the Panchayati Raj Institutions also in this Committee. It has also been demanded that conditions like compliance with the Forest Rights Act of 2006 and the Panchayat (Extension to the Scheduled Areas) Act of 1996 should be applied to the districts under IAP.

A suggestion has also been mooted that instead of a district, a block should be the unit for IAP, as in a district there are many developed regions including the district headquarter. So, there are chances that money might get spent on regions that are already developed. The demand has been tentatively approved and the plan may be modified soon. The Centre has been seriously mulling the proposal to increase the number of districts included under IAP in response to the demands from the states.

The Government has also been toying with the idea of modifying flagship rural development schemes like Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) to suit the needs of naxal-affected districts. While the schemes will be made more flexible, at the same time funds allocated to them will also increase. For the effective implementation of MGNREGA, a Panchayat development officer and a junior engineer will be appointed in each gram Panchayat in the IAP districts. 75 per cent of its cost will be borne by the Centre. It has been rightly decided that all families affected by naxal violence will be eligible for housing under the Indira Awas Yojana. The budget for the National Rural Drinking Water Programme in the IAP districts has also been increased from Rs 750 crore to Rs 1,000 crore.

As of now, only 11 districts were covered under the programme which ensured that all the land records in these districts are computerized in one of the many attempts to stop tribal land alienation. However, all the 83 districts under IAP will now be covered under National Land Records Modernization Programme. In addition, plans have also been afoot to create a network of para-legal institutions in the gram Panchayats to resolve land disputes.

It is also being contemplated that service sector jobs be provided to 3, 00,000 unemployed youth, in the next five years under the National Rural Livelihoods Mission. The Union Ministry of Home Affairs is also to start Public Private Partnership initiatives for value addition in minor forest produce through involvement of women in self help groups.

Meanwhile, the Union Ministry of Panchayat and Rural Development has chalked out a plan for young professionals to take part in administrative reforms in the Naxal affected areas. The scheme, called the Pradhan Mantri Rural Development Fellow, is likely to commence from next year. Three young professionals will be roped in under the scheme for a maximum of three years in each IAP district to assist the District Collectors in rural development planning.

As a result of the above developmental initiatives, it is believed that the alleged development deficit in the Naxal affected areas can be tackled in a coordinated manner by the Union and the concerned state governments. Many states including West Bengal have resorted to indigenous initiatives for such areas with highly encouraging results. One only hopes that the problem of Naxalism would be over sooner rather than later as a result of these initiatives.

Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
IPCS Columnists
Af-Pak Diary
D Suba Chandran
Resetting Kabul-Islamabad Relations: Three Key Issues
Can Pakistan Reset its Relations with Afghanistan?
The New Afghanistan: Four Major Challenges for President Ghani
Big Picture
Prof Varun Sahni
Understanding Democracy and Diversity in J&K
When Xi Met Modi: Juxtaposing China and India
Pakistan?s Tactical Nuclear Weapons: The Inevitability of Instability

Dateline Colombo

Asanga Abeyagoonasekera.
Sri Lanka: Moving Towards a Higher Collective Outcome
The Importance of Electing the Best to our Nation's Parliament
Sri Lanka: Toward a Diaspora Re-Engagement Plan
Dateline Islamabad
Salma Malik
Pakistan's Hurt Locker: What Next?
IPCS Forecast: Pakistan in 2015
India-Pakistan Relations in 2015: Through a Looking Glass
Dhaka Discourse
Prof Delwar Hossain
IPCS Forecast: Bangladesh in 2015
18th SAARC Summit: A Perspective from Bangladesh
Bangladesh in Global Forums: Diplomacy vs. Domestic Politics
Eagle Eye
Prof Chintamani Mahapatra
India-US: Significance of the Second Modi-Obama Meet
Has President Obama Turned Lame Duck?
Modi-Obama Summit: Criticism for Criticism?s Sake?

East Asia Compass
Dr Sandip Mishra
India-Japan-US Trilateral: India?s Policy for the Indo-Pacific
China-South Korea Ties: Implications for the US Pivot to Asia
Many ?Pivots to Asia?: What Does It Mean For Regional Stability?
Himalayan Frontier
Pramod Jaiswal
Nepal?s New Constitution: Instrument towards Peace or Catalyst to Conflict?
IPCS Forecast: Nepal in 2015
Constitution-making: Will Nepal Miss its Second Deadline?

Prof Shankari Sundararaman
IPCS Forecast: Southeast Asia in 2015
Indonesia's Pacific Identity: What Jakarta Must Do in West Papua
Modi in Myanmar: From ?Look East? to ?Act East?
Sushant Sareen
IPCS Forecast: Pakistan in 2015
Islamic State: Prospects in Pakistan
Pakistan: The Futility of Internationalising Kashmir

Looking East
Wasbir Hussain
Myanmar in New Delhi's Naga Riddle
China: ?Peaceful? Display of Military Might
Naga Peace Accord: Need to Reserve Euphoria
Maritime Matters
Vijay Sakhuja
Indian Ocean: Modi on a Maritime Pilgrimage
Indian Ocean: Exploring Maritime Domain Awareness
IPCS Forecast: The Indian Ocean in 2015

Nuke Street
Amb Sheelkant Sharma
US-Russia and Global Nuclear Security: Under a Frosty Spell?
India's Nuclear Capable Cruise Missile: The Nirbhay Test
India-Australia Nuclear Agreement: Bespeaking of a New Age
Red Affairs
Bibhu Prasad
Countering Left Wing Extremism: Failures within Successes
Return of the Native: CPI-Maoist in Kerala
The Rising Civilian Costs of the State-Vs-Extremists Conflict

Regional Economy
Amita Batra
India and the APEC
IPCS Forecast: South Asian Regional Integration
South Asia: Rupee Regionalisation and Intra-regional Trade Enhancement
South Asian Dialectic
PR Chari
Resuming the Indo-Pak Dialogue: Evolving a New Focus
Defence Management in India: An Agenda for Parrikar
Pakistani Taliban and Al Qaeda in Afghanistan: Implications for Asian Security

Spotlight West Asia
Amb Ranjit Gupta
Prime Minister Modi Finally Begins His Interaction with West Asia*
A Potential Indian Role in West Asia?
US-GCC Summit: More Hype than Substance
Strategic Space
Manpreet Sethi
India-Russia Nuclear Vision Statement: See that it Delivers
Global Nuclear Disarmament: The Humanitarian Consequences Route
Nasr: Dangers of Pakistan's Short Range Ballistic Missile

The Strategist
Vice Admiral Vijay Shankar
Jihadi Aggression and Nuclear Deterrence
The Blight of Ambiguity
Falun Gong: The Fear Within

OTHER REGULAR contributors
Gurmeet Kanwal
Harun ur Rashid
N Manoharan
Wasbir Hussain
Rana Banerji
N Manoharan

Ruhee Neog
Teshu Singh
Aparupa Bhattacherjee
Roomana Hukil
Aparupa Bhattacherjee


Browse by Publications

Issue Briefs 
Special Reports 
Research Papers 
Seminar Reports 
Conference Reports 

Browse by Region/Countries

East Asia 
South Asia 
Southeast Asia 
US & South Asia 

Browse by Issues

India & the world  
Naxalite Violence 
Suicide Terrorism 
Peace & Conflict Database 
Article by same Author
Prisons in India: Defending the Rights of Death Row Prisoners

Prisons in India: Better Custodial Care Needed for the Marginalised

India-Bangladesh Economic Ties: A Positive Beginning

India-Bangladesh: Rehabilitating the Enclave Residents

India-Bangladesh Enclave Exchange: Some Concerns

India’s Defence Procurement: The Indigenisation Challenge

India-Bangladesh: Land Boundary Agreement and Enclave Populations

India-Bangladesh LBA: Setting the Right Tone

Anachronistic Naxalism: Need for Reinvention

Guarding against Police Brutality

Reforming the Prison Administration in India

100 per cent FIR: Jalpaiguri Shows the Way

Growing Naxalism: Need for a Unified Command

A New Gorkhaland State: How Justified is the Demand?

Strengthening Indo-Bangla Relations

Debating the Idea of a Federal Police Agency

Bird Flu: A Threat to Economic Security

Securing Indian Jails against Naxal Threats

Strengthening the Right to Information

Growing Naxal Threat in West Bengal

Policing an Anomic Society: Need for Phase-II Reforms

Rehabilitating the Socially Alienated under RSVY

Indo-Bangladesh Relations: Unleashing the Potential

Naxalism: The Enemy Within

Enforcing the Right to Information

Y! MyWeb
Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
Year 2018
 January  February
 2017  2016  2015  2014  2013  2012  2011  2010
 2009  2008  2007  2006  2005  2004  2003  2002
 2001  2000  1999  1998  1997

The Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS) is the premier South Asian think tank which conducts independent research on and provides an in depth analysis of conventional and non-conventional issues related to national and South Asian security including nuclear issues, disarmament, non-proliferation, weapons of mass destruction, the war on terrorism, counter terrorism , strategies security sector reforms, and armed conflict and peace processes in the region.

For those in South Asia and elsewhere, the IPCS website provides a comprehensive analysis of the happenings within India with a special focus on Jammu and Kashmir and Naxalite Violence. Our research promotes greater understanding of India's foreign policy especially India-China relations, India's relations with SAARC countries and South East Asia.

Through close interaction with leading strategic thinkers, former members of the Indian Administrative Service, the Foreign Service and the three wings of the Armed Forces - the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force, - the academic community as well as the media, the IPCS has contributed considerably to the strategic discourse in India.

Subscribe to Newswire | Site Map
18, Link Road, Jungpura Extension, New Delhi 110014, INDIA.

Tel: 91-11-4100-1902    Email: officemail@ipcs.org

© Copyright 2018, Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies.