Home Contact Us
Search :
   

Articles

Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
#4031, 10 July 2013
 
China and Russia: The Joint Sea 2013 Exercise
Vijay Sakhuja
Director, Research,
Indian Council of World Affairs,
New Delhi
Email: sakhuja.v@gmail.com
 

The ongoing China-Russia naval exercises code-named Joint Sea 2013, dubbed by the PLA Navy as the ‘single biggest deployment of military force in any joint foreign exercise’, merits attention. The Chinese flotilla comprising of seven ships, three helicopters and a special warfare unit sailed through the Tsushima Strait into the Sea of Japan and then to the Port of Vladivostok. The stated aim of the exercises is to simulate ‘recapturing ships seized by pirates, as well as search and rescue operations [and] a number of air defence, anti-submarine and anti-ship exercises’. The Chinese defence ministry has been quick to clarify that ‘the drills are not targeted at any third party, and that the aim is to deepen cooperation between the two militaries’.

China and Russia have conducted regular bilateral and multilateral military exercises since 2003. These include: (a) Coalition-2003; (b) Peace Mission-2005; (c) Peace Mission-2007; (d) Peace Mission 2009 (e) Peace Shield 2009 (f) Peace Mission 2010; (g) Joint Sea 2012 and (h) Peace Mission 2012. The Coalition-2003 and the Peace Mission series are anti terror exercises under the aegis of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), while the Peace Shield 2009     (held on September 18, 2009 in the Gulf of Aden in the Indian Ocean where both navies were deployed for counter piracy operation) and the Joint Sea series which started in 2012 are naval exercises.

The China-Russia joint military exercises are being watched with great interest by the US and its alliance partners, i.e. Japan and Republic of Korea. There is a belief that the Joint Sea 2013 is in response to the unprecedented US-Japan amphibious war games code-named Dawn Blitz conducted in June 2013 on San Clemente Island off the coast of California which were apparently designed and conducted with China as the target. Interestingly, the exercises began two days after the June 8, 2013 Summit meeting between President Obama and President Xi Jinping in California.
There is also a perception that the exercises are in response to the United States’ rebalancing strategy to Asia and China’s maritime disputes with Japan over the uninhabited Sankaku/Diaoyu Islands in the East China Sea and Vietnam and Philippines over the Spratly Islands in South China Sea. Further, these exercises provide China and Russia the opportunity to reaffirm as significant regional powers and project power at sea.

Russia and China cooperative security partnership appears to be pitted against the US led collective security alliance in the Asia Pacific region. There were a number of reasons that resulted in the China-Russia rapprochement after the end of the Cold War. The two sides signed the Sino-Russian strategic partnership and in 2001 the Treaty for Good Neighbourliness, Friendship and Cooperation. Besides consolidating their partnership, China and Russia pushed forward their common agenda of a multi-polar world apparently to balance US hegemony emerging in the post Cold War period. The synergy also arose from the Chinese and Russian perception that the US had continued to deal with these states with a Cold War mentality. For instance, the RIMPAC (Rim of the Pacific) exercises that began in 1971 had China and Russia simulated as enemies. However, in recent times, these two countries have participated in RIMPAC and this is a good example of competition and engagement.

The Sino-Russian partnership has been extremely beneficial to China and has resulted in military modernisation and upgrading its defence production capacity particularly the strategic submarines, missiles, fighter jets, and naval systems. Some of these have resulted in indigenous designs that are similar to Russian systems. Although China’s quest for advanced weapons systems from Russia continues, Moscow has been reluctant to provide it critical access to state-of-the-art military technologies due to fears that as China rises it may pose serious challenges to Russia. However, during the visit of President Xi Jinping to Moscow in March 2013, the two sides may have inked a defence deal and Russia agreed to supply Sukhoi multirole fighters i.e.. Su-35, and joint development and construction of four Lada-class diesel-electric submarines, two for each country.

The Russia-China partnership premised on Political-Economic-Military-Technological cooperation has the potential to emerge as an alternate to the US led alliance which currently dominates the region. It would be useful to see if Iran, given its good diplomatic, economic and military links with China and Russia, would be a collaborator. Likewise, the members of the SCO i.e. China Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan and the strategic location of Central Asia with its large reserves of energy may provide substance to the China-Russia partnership. It will not be farfetched to suggest that China and Russia may even court Teheran, Damascus and Pyongyang to balance the US.


Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
IPCS Columnists
Af-Pak Diary
D Suba Chandran
The New Afghanistan: Four Major Challenges for President Ghani
Pakistan: Crouching Democrats, Hidden Khakis
Mullah Fazlullah: Challenges to the ?Eliminate or Extradite? Approach
Big Picture
Prof Varun Sahni
When Xi Met Modi: Juxtaposing China and India
Pakistan?s Tactical Nuclear Weapons: The Inevitability of Instability

Dateline Colombo

Asanga Abeyagoonasekera.
Stronger Democratic Values for a Better Tomorrow
Sri Lanka and China: Towards Innovation Driven Economies
India-Sri Lanka: Strengthening Regional Cooperation
Dateline Islamabad
Salma Malik
India-Pakistan: Working Boundaries and Lines of Uncontrolled Fire
Of Inquilab and the Inquilabis
Pakistan: Of Messiahs and Marches
 
Dateline Kabul
Mariam Safi
Can Afghanistan Become a "Perfect Place?"
Afghanistan: Political Crises After the Presidential Run-off
Taliban?s Spring Offensive: Are the ANSF Prepared?
Dhaka Discourse
Prof Delwar Hossain
Bangladesh: Diplomatic Manoeuvres at the UNGA
Abe?s Successful Visit to Dhaka: Two Political Challenges
Girl Summit Diplomacy and Bangladesh-UK Relations

Eagle Eye
Prof Chintamani Mahapatra
Modi-Obama Summit: Criticism for Criticism?s Sake?
Changing Global Balance of Power: Obama?s Response
Obama Administration: Re-engaging India
East Asia Compass
Dr Sandip Mishra
India in East Asia: Modi?s Three Summit Meets
Modi's Visit to Japan: Gauging Inter-State Relations in Asia
North Korea: Seeking New Friends?

Himalayan Frontier
Pramod Jaiswal
China in Nepal: Increasing Connectivity Via Railways
India-Nepal Hydroelectricity Deal: Making it Count
Federalism and Nepal: Internal Differences
Indo-Pacific
Prof Shankari Sundararaman
The ASEAN's Centrality in the Indo-Pacific Region
Myanmar's Political Transition: Challenges of the 2015 Election
South China Sea: Intransigence Over Troubled Waters

Indus-tan
Sushant Sareen
Pakistan: The Futility of Internationalising Kashmir
Pakistan: Why is Army against Nawaz Sharif?
Pakistan: Degraded Democracy
Maritime Matters
Vijay Sakhuja
Maritime Terrorism: Karachi as a Staging Point
Maritime Silk Road: Can India Leverage It?
BRICS: The Oceanic Connections

Middle Kingdom
DS Rajan
China in the Indian Ocean: Competing Priorities
China-Japan Friction: How can India Respond?
Nuke Street
Amb Sheelkant Sharma
India's Nuclear Capable Cruise Missile: The Nirbhay Test
India-Australia Nuclear Agreement: Bespeaking of a New Age
Remembering Hiroshima and Nagasaki: Musings on the Bomb

Red Affairs
Bibhu Prasad
Naxalites and the Might of a Fragile Revolution
Six Thousand Plus Killed: The Naxal Ideology of Violence
Anti-Naxal Operations: Seeking Refuge in Symbolism
South Asian Dialectic
PR Chari
Pakistani Taliban and Al Qaeda in Afghanistan: Implications for Asian Security
Obama?s New Strategy towards the Islamic State: Implications for India
Modi?s Tryst with Abe

Spotlight West Asia
Amb Ranjit Gupta
War against the Islamic State: Political and Military Responses from the Region
The Islamic State: No Country for the Old World Order
India and the Conflict in Gaza
Strategic Space
Manpreet Sethi
Nasr: Dangers of Pakistan's Short Range Ballistic Missile
Uranium and Nuclear Power: Three Indian Stories
A Strategic Review for India

The Strategist
Vice Admiral Vijay Shankar
Strategic Estrangement: An Odd Bedfellow to Economic Engagement
The Islamic State Caliphate: A Mirage of Resurrection
A Covenant Sans Sword
Voice from America
Amit Gupta
Modi?s US Visit: So Much Promise, Such Little Outcome
India and Australia: Beyond Curry, Cricket, and Commonwealth
And Then There is the Middle East: The Lack of an End-Game

Regional Economy
Amita Batra
Regional Economic Architecture: Is India Ready?
 

OTHER REGULAR contributors
Gurmeet Kanwal
Harun ur Rashid
N Manoharan
Wasbir Hussain
Rana Banerji
N Manoharan

Ruhee Neog
Teshu Singh
Aparupa Bhattacherjee
Roomana Hukil
Aparupa Bhattacherjee


 
Related Articles
Kamlesh Kumar Agnihotri,
"The Navy and Band-Aid Diplomacy," 9 July 2013
Vijay Sakhuja,
"P-3C vs. P-8I: India, Pakistan and the Naval Balance," 21 April 2013
Vijay Sakhuja,
"Myanmar: Expanding Naval Ties with India," 8 April 2013
Rishika Chauhan,
"Book Review: Assessing Asian Military Strategies," 25 March 2013
Shanta Maree Surendran,
"China, Gwadar and Sea Lanes of Communication: ‘Economic Offence’ or ‘Active Defence’?," 25 February 2013
Rana Divyank Chaudhary,
"IPCS Discussion: The Evolving Situation in the East and South China Seas," 14 February 2013
Vijay Sakhuja,
"Gwadar: Can India Checkmate China?," 12 February 2013

Browse by Publications

Commentaries 
Issue Briefs 
Special Reports 
Research Papers 
Seminar Reports 
Conference Reports 

Browse by Region/Countries

East Asia 
South Asia 
Southeast Asia 
US & South Asia 
China 
Myanmar 
Afghanistan 
Iran 
Pakistan 
India 
J&K  

Browse by Issues

India & the world  
Indo-Pak 
Military 
Terrorism 
Naxalite Violence 
Nuclear 
Suicide Terrorism 
Peace & Conflict Database 
Article by same Author
Pirates Prefer Energy Cargo

Maritime Terrorism: Karachi as a Staging Point

Xi Jinping and the Maritime Silk Road: The Indian Dilemma

Drug Smuggling across the Indian Ocean: Impact of Increasing Interceptions

Maritime Silk Road: Can India Leverage It?

Indian Ocean: Multilateralism Takes Root

BRICS: The Oceanic Connections

India-EU: Exploring Maritime Convergences

Rim of the Pacific Exercises (RIMPAC): Thaw in China-US Tensions?

Indian Ocean Navies: Lessons from the Pacific

The Oman Gas Pipeline: India’s Underwater Energy Supply Chain

Oman's Duqm Port and US Exit from Afghanistan

Search and Rescue at Sea: Challenges and Chinese Capabilities

Increasing Maritime Competition: IORA, IONS, Milan and the Indian Ocean Networks

The Maritime Silk Route and the Chinese Charm Offensive

China in the Indian Ocean: Deep Sea Forays

Antarctica and the Ice breakers: What should India prepare for?

Iran Navy: Developing Long Sea Legs

India, Sri Lanka & Maldives: A Maritime Troika Leads the Way

India and China in the Arctic: Breaching the Monopoly

P-3C vs. P-8I: India, Pakistan and the Naval Balance

Myanmar: Expanding Naval Ties with India

Gwadar: Can India Checkmate China?

India and the Melting Arctic

Iran Stirs India-US Waters

ADD TO:
Blink
Del.icio.us
Digg
Furl
Google
Simpy
Spurl
Y! MyWeb
Facebook
 
Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
Year 2014
 January  February  March  April  May  June  July  August  September  October
 2013  2012  2011  2010  2009  2008  2007  2006
 2005  2004  2003  2002  2001  2000  1999  1998
 1997
 
 

The Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS) is the premier South Asian think tank which conducts independent research on and provides an in depth analysis of conventional and non-conventional issues related to national and South Asian security including nuclear issues, disarmament, non-proliferation, weapons of mass destruction, the war on terrorism, counter terrorism , strategies security sector reforms, and armed conflict and peace processes in the region.

For those in South Asia and elsewhere, the IPCS website provides a comprehensive analysis of the happenings within India with a special focus on Jammu and Kashmir and Naxalite Violence. Our research promotes greater understanding of India's foreign policy especially India-China relations, India's relations with SAARC countries and South East Asia.

Through close interaction with leading strategic thinkers, former members of the Indian Administrative Service, the Foreign Service and the three wings of the Armed Forces - the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force, - the academic community as well as the media, the IPCS has contributed considerably to the strategic discourse in India.

 
Subscribe to Newswire | Site Map | IPCS Email
B 7/3 Lower Ground Floor, Safdarjung Enclave, New Delhi 110029, INDIA.
Tel: 91-11-4100 1900, 4165 2556, 4165 2557, 4165 2558, 4165 2559 Fax: (91-11) 41652560
Email:
© Copyright 2014, Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies.
        Web Design by http://www.indiainternets.com