Home Contact Us  

India & the World - Articles

Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
#3766, 29 November 2012
IPCS Discussion: Sino-Indian and Sino-South Korean Relations
Teshu Singh
Research Officer, CRP, IPCS
e-mail: teshusinghdu@gmail.com

The report is a summary of the Sino-Indian and Sino-South Korean Relations: Compulsions, Comparisons and Contrasts event held at the IPCS on 22 November 2012

Amb. Sudhir Devare
It is a comprehensive manuscript including several perspectives on the subject. It is an analysis of two strategic powers in Asia in the context of their reaction to China’s Rise. With China in the middle, India and South Korea are like the two bookends; both are vibrant countries with emerging economy and are trying to function as poles in Asia. Centre of gravity of economic and political happenings are   rapidly shifting to Asia, therefore, a study like this indeed is of great significance.

Both India and South Korea have perceptions about China which loom large in their policy making. There is a common factor that affects both India and South Korea, that is, China intrudes between South Korea and North Korea and also between India and Pakistan and given the fact these relationships between South Korea and North Korea and India-Pakistan remain adversarial. The China factor will continue to loom larger and larger in the coming decades.

In analysing the Sino-Indian and Sino-South-Korean reaction to China their different historical backgrounds deserve mention. Korea was a tributary state of China, on the other hand, India remained outside the influence of the middle kingdom, and was looked at with respect and curiosity. Notable differences between the two are; China shares a long border with India and there is a boundary problem with India. On the other hand, there is no such complicated problem with South Korea.

The issue of reunification between both the countries of peninsula has not been addressed. The Nuclear programme issue needs special mention in the book, because a nuclearised North Korea would alter equations in the Asia-Pacific.

With regards to India and South Korea relations; both can cooperate in science and technology, investment on sides, tourism and knowledge economy. There are a few political road blocks between India and South Korea; take for example on issue of Pakistan and Kashmir, South Korea has taken neutral positions. On the Indian aspiration of UNSC, Korea belongs to the consensus group/coffee club. Therefore, it will be a test for India and South Korea to navigate their relationship despite problems and working on the complementaries against the back drop of the ‘China Rise’.

Dr. Rajaram Panda
India, Japan and the US held their third round of trilateral dialogue on 28 October against the background of increasing Chinese assertiveness in the South China Sea. Among other things, securing the SLOC, expanding cooperation in maritime security and shaping the Asia-Pacific architecture were major focus issues. In a similar development the three leading democracies South Korea, Japan and India held their first trilateral dialogue at Track-II level on 29 June 2012 to discuss issues such as maritime cooperation, security, terrorism, and trade and Investment. Beijing sees both these initiatives as "anti-China" and reacted sharply.

It is difficult to gauge China’s long term intentions in the Korean peninsula. If China is sincere, it can work to get Pyongyang back to the Six-Party Talks. Like other members of the SPT, China too does not want instability in North Korea. Obama is back in the US and there is impending leadership change in Japan as well as in South Korea. This changing leadership may have some impact on issues in the Asia Pacific region.

The manuscript is an excellent endeavour on the subject, with much stress on historical facts. Refugee issue in the region is also an important aspect to be looked at. However substantiating argument with ample economic data would add to the robustness of the argument. Remittance flows into North Korea by defectors and the process of transaction bearing on the North Korean economy may also be worth-examining.

Dr. Sandip Mishra
The focus of the book is two bilateral relations-China and India as well as China and South Korea and it means that work rightly puts China and its ‘rise’ in the centre to understand emerging inter-state relations in Asia. The assertion of the book that China’s rise is not assured and it would not be peaceful warrants some more pondering. The first part of it is indisputable however; international theory informs that the second part could be better probed further. It is very much possible to create incentives and disincentives along with cooperative norms and identity by other regional players such as India, South Korea, Japan, Australia and ASEAN to make China’s rise peaceful.

Since 2007, there is clear evidence that Chinese growing assertiveness has made these countries more concerned and observant. They have been working to engage China, if not counter-balance, in a more overt manner. The ‘re-entry’ of US in the region would further make it more difficult for China to carry forward its policy of ‘hegemonization’. In the changed international relations in which old balance of power has given way to a more complex and overlapping grouping of states based on issue areas makes it possible to cooperate and compete at the same time without resorting to any military confrontation.

Finally, the work of Prof. Chari and Dr. Raghavan is very timely as it connects China’s relations with two regions - South Asia and East Asia and it would contribute immensely in understanding emerging Asian regional dynamics.

Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
IPCS Columnists
Af-Pak Diary
D Suba Chandran
Resetting Kabul-Islamabad Relations: Three Key Issues
Can Pakistan Reset its Relations with Afghanistan?
The New Afghanistan: Four Major Challenges for President Ghani
Big Picture
Prof Varun Sahni
Understanding Democracy and Diversity in J&K
When Xi Met Modi: Juxtaposing China and India
Pakistan?s Tactical Nuclear Weapons: The Inevitability of Instability

Dateline Colombo

Asanga Abeyagoonasekera.
Sri Lanka: Moving Towards a Higher Collective Outcome
The Importance of Electing the Best to our Nation's Parliament
Sri Lanka: Toward a Diaspora Re-Engagement Plan
Dateline Islamabad
Salma Malik
Pakistan's Hurt Locker: What Next?
IPCS Forecast: Pakistan in 2015
India-Pakistan Relations in 2015: Through a Looking Glass
Dhaka Discourse
Prof Delwar Hossain
IPCS Forecast: Bangladesh in 2015
18th SAARC Summit: A Perspective from Bangladesh
Bangladesh in Global Forums: Diplomacy vs. Domestic Politics
Eagle Eye
Prof Chintamani Mahapatra
India-US: Significance of the Second Modi-Obama Meet
Has President Obama Turned Lame Duck?
Modi-Obama Summit: Criticism for Criticism?s Sake?

East Asia Compass
Dr Sandip Mishra
India-Japan-US Trilateral: India?s Policy for the Indo-Pacific
China-South Korea Ties: Implications for the US Pivot to Asia
Many ?Pivots to Asia?: What Does It Mean For Regional Stability?
Himalayan Frontier
Pramod Jaiswal
Nepal?s New Constitution: Instrument towards Peace or Catalyst to Conflict?
IPCS Forecast: Nepal in 2015
Constitution-making: Will Nepal Miss its Second Deadline?

Prof Shankari Sundararaman
IPCS Forecast: Southeast Asia in 2015
Indonesia's Pacific Identity: What Jakarta Must Do in West Papua
Modi in Myanmar: From ?Look East? to ?Act East?
Sushant Sareen
IPCS Forecast: Pakistan in 2015
Islamic State: Prospects in Pakistan
Pakistan: The Futility of Internationalising Kashmir

Looking East
Wasbir Hussain
Myanmar in New Delhi's Naga Riddle
China: ?Peaceful? Display of Military Might
Naga Peace Accord: Need to Reserve Euphoria
Maritime Matters
Vijay Sakhuja
Indian Ocean: Modi on a Maritime Pilgrimage
Indian Ocean: Exploring Maritime Domain Awareness
IPCS Forecast: The Indian Ocean in 2015

Nuke Street
Amb Sheelkant Sharma
US-Russia and Global Nuclear Security: Under a Frosty Spell?
India's Nuclear Capable Cruise Missile: The Nirbhay Test
India-Australia Nuclear Agreement: Bespeaking of a New Age
Red Affairs
Bibhu Prasad
Countering Left Wing Extremism: Failures within Successes
Return of the Native: CPI-Maoist in Kerala
The Rising Civilian Costs of the State-Vs-Extremists Conflict

Regional Economy
Amita Batra
India and the APEC
IPCS Forecast: South Asian Regional Integration
South Asia: Rupee Regionalisation and Intra-regional Trade Enhancement
South Asian Dialectic
PR Chari
Resuming the Indo-Pak Dialogue: Evolving a New Focus
Defence Management in India: An Agenda for Parrikar
Pakistani Taliban and Al Qaeda in Afghanistan: Implications for Asian Security

Spotlight West Asia
Amb Ranjit Gupta
Prime Minister Modi Finally Begins His Interaction with West Asia*
A Potential Indian Role in West Asia?
US-GCC Summit: More Hype than Substance
Strategic Space
Manpreet Sethi
India-Russia Nuclear Vision Statement: See that it Delivers
Global Nuclear Disarmament: The Humanitarian Consequences Route
Nasr: Dangers of Pakistan's Short Range Ballistic Missile

The Strategist
Vice Admiral Vijay Shankar
Jihadi Aggression and Nuclear Deterrence
The Blight of Ambiguity
Falun Gong: The Fear Within

OTHER REGULAR contributors
Gurmeet Kanwal
Harun ur Rashid
N Manoharan
Wasbir Hussain
Rana Banerji
N Manoharan

Ruhee Neog
Teshu Singh
Aparupa Bhattacherjee
Roomana Hukil
Aparupa Bhattacherjee


Browse by Publications

Issue Briefs 
Special Reports 
Research Papers 
Seminar Reports 
Conference Reports 

Browse by Region/Countries

East Asia 
South Asia 
Southeast Asia 
US & South Asia 

Browse by Issues

India & the world  
Naxalite Violence 
Suicide Terrorism 
Peace & Conflict Database 
Article by same Author
A 'New Era' of Democracy in Taiwan: Implications for Regional Security & Economy

IPCS Forecast: China in 2015

Securing India's Interests in the Indian Ocean: New Strategies and Approaches

China and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank: A New Regional Order?

China's End Game in Hong Kong

Contemporary Foreign Policy of China: Legacy of Deng Xiaoping

BRICS: China’s End-Game

US-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue: Lessons for India

The Malabar Exercises: India, Japan and the US

China 2013: New Leadership

China and Air Defence Identification Zone (ADIZ): Political Objectives and International Responses

The Positives

China and Southeast Asia: What is the Strategy behind the Maritime Silk Road?

China and Myanmar: The Great Game of the Gas Pipeline

China and the US: Fifth Strategic and Economic Dialogue

Xi-Obama Summit

Quest for Energy Security

India and China: What did the Salman Khurshid and Li Keqiang Visits Achieve?

China: Engaging Nepal as a Land Port

China: Contextualising the Anti-Access Area-Denial Strategy

China and the Asia-Pacific: Trends, Challenges and Dilemmas

Second Sino- Indian Strategic Economic Dialogue: A SWOT Analysis

China: Reasons for being a Top FDI Destination

IPCS Discussion: China's Role in North Korea's Stability and Regional Security

Yang Yechi in Southeast Asia: A fruitful Visit?

Y! MyWeb
Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
Year 2017
 January  February  March  April  May  June  July  August  September  October  November  December
 2016  2015  2014  2013  2012  2011  2010  2009
 2008  2007  2006  2005  2004  2003  2002  2001
 2000  1999  1998  1997

The Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS) is the premier South Asian think tank which conducts independent research on and provides an in depth analysis of conventional and non-conventional issues related to national and South Asian security including nuclear issues, disarmament, non-proliferation, weapons of mass destruction, the war on terrorism, counter terrorism , strategies security sector reforms, and armed conflict and peace processes in the region.

For those in South Asia and elsewhere, the IPCS website provides a comprehensive analysis of the happenings within India with a special focus on Jammu and Kashmir and Naxalite Violence. Our research promotes greater understanding of India's foreign policy especially India-China relations, India's relations with SAARC countries and South East Asia.

Through close interaction with leading strategic thinkers, former members of the Indian Administrative Service, the Foreign Service and the three wings of the Armed Forces - the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force, - the academic community as well as the media, the IPCS has contributed considerably to the strategic discourse in India.

Subscribe to Newswire | Site Map
18, Link Road, Jungpura Extension, New Delhi 110014, INDIA.

Tel: 91-11-4100-1902    Email: officemail@ipcs.org

© Copyright 2017, Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies.