Home Contact Us  

China - Articles

Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
#4177, 14 November 2013
China: Bo Xilai Inspires a New Party?
Namrata Hasija
Senior Research Officer, CRP, IPCS
Email: namrata@ipcs.org

On 6 November 2013, a new political party was formed in China. Named Zhi Xian, the party was founded by Wang Zheng, an associate Professor of International Trade at the Beijing Institute of Economics and Management. It consists of supporters of China’s fallen politician – Bo Xilai. Coming right before the third plenum meeting of the Chinese Communist Party, this has raised a few eyebrows. It has also sparked off a debate about the possible meanings underlying the formation of such a party in China’s one party system.

What is agenda of this party? What is the shelf life of such parties in the political structure of China?

Zhi Xian
Wang Zheng claims that the inspiration to start the party came from Bo’s work in Chongqing as the party chief. In 2012, she wrote two open letters in support of Bo saying that justice was denied to him. She also appreciated his quasi Marxist policies and his efforts to reinstate crucial elements of Mao’s era. For her vocal support of Bo, she was put under house arrest, and had to be hospitalised after going on a hunger strike in protest.

The basic purpose of the party is to protect and safeguard the Chinese constitution on the grounds that the Communist Party of China has often flouted its rules. It does not support the liberalisation process in China. Zhi Xian is against privatisation and supports the state-owned enterprises. It will work to reduce the income gap which is a direct result of the liberalisation process. She has further sent a letter to Bo asking permission to become the chairman of the party. Bo has not openly accepted the proposal. However, Wang has taken this as his silent approval and declared him to be ‘chairman for life’ of the party. She has revealed details of one other member of the party, Xu Hua, resident of Wuxi. The two have not met in person but via email correspondence have agreed to be part of this new party. Wang has refrained from revealing details of any other member as it is ‘politically sensitive’ but maintains that  Zhi Xian has more members than those of the first congress of the Communist Party when it was first established in 1921 ie 12 members. The new party will hold its first Congress in the next six months to elect a vice-chairman.

 Multi-Party System: Is it Workable in China?
The Chinese constitution allows the formation of other parties by Chinese nationals but only if they work along with the leading party. Though China has eight officially recognised parties other than CPC they are a mere extension of the CPC. Any person who tries to form a party in opposition to the ideals of the party or challenges the supremacy of the party is dealt with with an iron hand. For instance, Xu Wenli was imprisoned for 13 years after he tried to organise the China Democracy Party in 1998. Wang however, dismisses the preposition that her party is opposing the CPC. In an interview to the Voice of America, she said, “…the Communist Party is the ruling party. According to the constitution, the nation is led by the Communist Party that co-operates with the other parties, and we are one of the participating parties.” Her arguments have found a few supporters such as Han Deqiang, an academician and an ardent supporter of Bo. However, many analysts in China do not see any hope for the new party, which according to them, has a very limited appeal even among prominent Maoist supporters. Many who supported Bo on certain leftist websites are sceptical about the party and also question the decision to use his name without his assent. Matters are not helped by the ambiguity that surrounds the party at present. The CPC has also not reacted to the formation of a party by Bo’s ‘supporters’, although Wang has informed all the nine parties plus the National People’s Congress and the parliament. A faction in China sees the formation of this party as the conservative faction putting pressure on Xi Jinping against pushing market reforms in the plenum meeting.

Though Wang openly admits that her party is not a challenge to CPC and her party’s main purpose is to uphold the principles enshrined in the constitution, any party formulated under the name of disgraced CPC member Bo Xilai will not go down well with party. The reaction of CPC might come after the plenum meeting and the fate of the new party will be determined after that. The portrayal of this party as a strong opposition by Bo’s supporters in the Western media is over hyped. Taking Zhi Xian as a case study and also taking into account the other non-existential eight parties in China, it is clear that CPC domination as the leading party in China is impossible to be challenged. A best case scenario, if any, for the party, would be to drop Bo’s name or to work as one of the advisory parties to the CPC or silently withdraw on its own.

Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
IPCS Columnists
Af-Pak Diary
D Suba Chandran
Resetting Kabul-Islamabad Relations: Three Key Issues
Can Pakistan Reset its Relations with Afghanistan?
The New Afghanistan: Four Major Challenges for President Ghani
Big Picture
Prof Varun Sahni
Understanding Democracy and Diversity in J&K
When Xi Met Modi: Juxtaposing China and India
Pakistan?s Tactical Nuclear Weapons: The Inevitability of Instability

Dateline Colombo

Asanga Abeyagoonasekera.
Sri Lanka: Moving Towards a Higher Collective Outcome
The Importance of Electing the Best to our Nation's Parliament
Sri Lanka: Toward a Diaspora Re-Engagement Plan
Dateline Islamabad
Salma Malik
Pakistan's Hurt Locker: What Next?
IPCS Forecast: Pakistan in 2015
India-Pakistan Relations in 2015: Through a Looking Glass
Dhaka Discourse
Prof Delwar Hossain
IPCS Forecast: Bangladesh in 2015
18th SAARC Summit: A Perspective from Bangladesh
Bangladesh in Global Forums: Diplomacy vs. Domestic Politics
Eagle Eye
Prof Chintamani Mahapatra
India-US: Significance of the Second Modi-Obama Meet
Has President Obama Turned Lame Duck?
Modi-Obama Summit: Criticism for Criticism?s Sake?

East Asia Compass
Dr Sandip Mishra
India-Japan-US Trilateral: India?s Policy for the Indo-Pacific
China-South Korea Ties: Implications for the US Pivot to Asia
Many ?Pivots to Asia?: What Does It Mean For Regional Stability?
Himalayan Frontier
Pramod Jaiswal
Nepal?s New Constitution: Instrument towards Peace or Catalyst to Conflict?
IPCS Forecast: Nepal in 2015
Constitution-making: Will Nepal Miss its Second Deadline?

Prof Shankari Sundararaman
IPCS Forecast: Southeast Asia in 2015
Indonesia's Pacific Identity: What Jakarta Must Do in West Papua
Modi in Myanmar: From ?Look East? to ?Act East?
Sushant Sareen
IPCS Forecast: Pakistan in 2015
Islamic State: Prospects in Pakistan
Pakistan: The Futility of Internationalising Kashmir

Looking East
Wasbir Hussain
Myanmar in New Delhi's Naga Riddle
China: ?Peaceful? Display of Military Might
Naga Peace Accord: Need to Reserve Euphoria
Maritime Matters
Vijay Sakhuja
Indian Ocean: Modi on a Maritime Pilgrimage
Indian Ocean: Exploring Maritime Domain Awareness
IPCS Forecast: The Indian Ocean in 2015

Nuke Street
Amb Sheelkant Sharma
US-Russia and Global Nuclear Security: Under a Frosty Spell?
India's Nuclear Capable Cruise Missile: The Nirbhay Test
India-Australia Nuclear Agreement: Bespeaking of a New Age
Red Affairs
Bibhu Prasad
Countering Left Wing Extremism: Failures within Successes
Return of the Native: CPI-Maoist in Kerala
The Rising Civilian Costs of the State-Vs-Extremists Conflict

Regional Economy
Amita Batra
India and the APEC
IPCS Forecast: South Asian Regional Integration
South Asia: Rupee Regionalisation and Intra-regional Trade Enhancement
South Asian Dialectic
PR Chari
Resuming the Indo-Pak Dialogue: Evolving a New Focus
Defence Management in India: An Agenda for Parrikar
Pakistani Taliban and Al Qaeda in Afghanistan: Implications for Asian Security

Spotlight West Asia
Amb Ranjit Gupta
Prime Minister Modi Finally Begins His Interaction with West Asia*
A Potential Indian Role in West Asia?
US-GCC Summit: More Hype than Substance
Strategic Space
Manpreet Sethi
India-Russia Nuclear Vision Statement: See that it Delivers
Global Nuclear Disarmament: The Humanitarian Consequences Route
Nasr: Dangers of Pakistan's Short Range Ballistic Missile

The Strategist
Vice Admiral Vijay Shankar
Jihadi Aggression and Nuclear Deterrence
The Blight of Ambiguity
Falun Gong: The Fear Within

OTHER REGULAR contributors
Gurmeet Kanwal
Harun ur Rashid
N Manoharan
Wasbir Hussain
Rana Banerji
N Manoharan

Ruhee Neog
Teshu Singh
Aparupa Bhattacherjee
Roomana Hukil
Aparupa Bhattacherjee

Related Articles
Namrata Hasija,
"Bo Xilai: China's Trial of the Century," 25 July 2013

Browse by Publications

Issue Briefs 
Special Reports 
Research Papers 
Seminar Reports 
Conference Reports 

Browse by Region/Countries

East Asia 
South Asia 
Southeast Asia 
US & South Asia 

Browse by Issues

India & the world  
Naxalite Violence 
Suicide Terrorism 
Peace & Conflict Database 
Article by same Author
Nalanda University as a Cultural and Educational Bridge

China: New Urbanisation Plans

Bo Xilai: China's Trial of the Century

China: Child Abduction and Trafficking

China: A Source of Cyber Attacks?

China: The Plight of Sex Workers

China: The Outbreak of Bird Flu 2013

China: Environmental Degradation and Government Response

China: Reformed Labour Camps?

China: Sweeping Hukou Reforms?

China: Surge in Sex Scandals

China’s Wukan Uprising: Is the Honeymoon Over?

China: Human Flesh Search Engines

Christianity in China: Changing Domestic Attitudes?

China’s One-Child Policy: The Debate Revives

China: Voices of Dissent

China's Wukan Uprising: First Step towards Democracy?

Chinawood: Not yet up to Hollywood?

Chinese Black Jails: 'An Alleyway in Hell'?

Widening Gender Imbalance in China

Rising Suicide Rates among Rural Women in China

Red Tourism: A Thriving Economic Industry or a Tool for Ideological Propaganda?

Li Na and China: Sports as Soft Power?

Y! MyWeb
Print Bookmark Email Facebook Subscribe
Year 2018
 January  February
 2017  2016  2015  2014  2013  2012  2011  2010
 2009  2008  2007  2006  2005  2004  2003  2002
 2001  2000  1999  1998  1997

The Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS) is the premier South Asian think tank which conducts independent research on and provides an in depth analysis of conventional and non-conventional issues related to national and South Asian security including nuclear issues, disarmament, non-proliferation, weapons of mass destruction, the war on terrorism, counter terrorism , strategies security sector reforms, and armed conflict and peace processes in the region.

For those in South Asia and elsewhere, the IPCS website provides a comprehensive analysis of the happenings within India with a special focus on Jammu and Kashmir and Naxalite Violence. Our research promotes greater understanding of India's foreign policy especially India-China relations, India's relations with SAARC countries and South East Asia.

Through close interaction with leading strategic thinkers, former members of the Indian Administrative Service, the Foreign Service and the three wings of the Armed Forces - the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force, - the academic community as well as the media, the IPCS has contributed considerably to the strategic discourse in India.

Subscribe to Newswire | Site Map
18, Link Road, Jungpura Extension, New Delhi 110014, INDIA.

Tel: 91-11-4100-1902    Email: officemail@ipcs.org

© Copyright 2018, Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies.