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ARMED CONFLICTS IN SOUTH ASIA (ACSA)

South Asia is one of the most violent regions in the world today. Raging armed conflicts continue to storm Afghanistan and Pakistan. Even as Sri Lanka is experiencing an uneasy peace, Nepal remains restive of late. The transition in the political climate of Myanmar has not been able to influence the country’s domestic tensions. In India, violent disturbances continue in Jammu & Kashmir, India’s Northeast and through the Naxal violence affected regions.

The Institute has been extensively and consistently monitoring these conflicts since 2006. The Institute has been systematically studying various armed conflicts in South Asia since 2006. The primary objective is to map recent trends in armed conflicts, efforts taken by the state and society and their effectiveness, and forecast likely scenarios.

The Institute holds an annual conference, where the above issues are discussed. Based on the above study and discussion, the Institute also publishes an edited volume. Routledge India has been publishing the essays since 2008. This project is supported by the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung.

The Sixth Annual Conference on Armed Conflicts in South Asia (ACSA) was held on 1 and 2 March 2012 at the India International Centre and the IPCS Conference Room respectively. Mr. Shiv Shankar Menon, the National Security Advisor to the Prime Minister of India delivered the keynote address. He released the ACSA Omnibus and inaugurated the Centre for Internal and Regional Security (IReS) at the Institute. Dr. Meenakshi Gopinath, Principal, Lady Shri Ram College and Honorary Director, WISCOMP released the 2011 edition of ACSA.

ACSA 2012

For the 2012 Annual, scholars from Afghanistan, Nepal, Naxal affected regions, South India and J&K were invited. The institute also invited scholars working on Myanmar.

The regular essays, which provide a review of the Armed Conflicts in 2011 will focus on the following regions:

  • Afghanistan
  • FATA
  • India’s Northeast
  • Myanmar
  • The Naxal Conflict

Besides the regular essays, there will be few special essays on “Peace Audit: Between Armed Conflict and Positive Peace” focusing on conflict transformation, early Warnings in South Asia, discussing the issues relating to Conflict Transformation and Peace Processes in Sri Lanka, Nepal, J&K and the Northeast.

 The special essays, in particular will answer the following questions:

1. Why there is no positive peace, despite the end of armed conflict?

2. Why do the peace processes not succeed in transforming the conflict and usher into positive peace?

3. What are the possibilities of resumption of violence and return to armed conflict?                          
  
4. What lessons have been learnt, in terms of conflict management?

5. What are the specific recommendations to the various stakeholders?

Click here to access the annual report of the Armed Conflicts in South Asia 2012

This Project is supported by the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung
Mr. Shiv Shankar Menon, National Security Advisor releasing the ACSA Omnibus
Dr. Meenakshi Gopinath, Principal, Lady Shri Ram College and Honorary Director, WISCOMP releasing the 2011 edition of ACSA
L-R: Dr. Bibhu Prasad Routray, Mr. Mirza Zulfiqur Rahman and Mr. P.C. Haldar
L-R: Dr. Ashok Bhan, Dr. Nishchal N. Pandey, Maj. Gen. Dipankar Banerjee, Dr. D. Suba Chandran and Dr. J. Jeganaathan
L-R: Dr. Arvind Gupta and Prof. P.R.Chari at the session on ‘A Review of ACSA Process and ACSA Overview 2012’
The Centre for Internal and Regional Security Team with Mr. Tomislav Delinic (KAS), Prof. P.R.Chari and Dr. D. Suba Chandran  
ACSA 2011
ACSA 2010

Armed Conflicts in South Asia 2011: The Promise and Threat of Transformation

Edited by D. Suba Chandran, P. R. Chari

About the Book
This volume (2011) examines the major trends in conflicts in the south Asian region. In addition to regular essays, this year’s edition will include some special essays on Conflict Transformation and Early Warnings on developing conflict situations in South Asia, discussing themes in Sri Lanka, Nepal, J&K and Northeast. The objective of the special essays on Conflict Transformation is to see, whether there have been any positive or negative transformation in the long standing conflicts in the region and the lessons learnt or unlearnt.

Contents
Part I
Armed Conflicts in South Asia


1. Armed Conflicts in South Asia: The Emerging Dimensions
P.R. Chari

2. Afghanistan: Beginning of the Transition?
Shanthie Mariet D’Souza

3. Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: Drone Attacks and Suicide Terrorism
D. Suba Chandran

4. Jammu and Kashmir: Upsurge?
Kavita Suri

5. Northeast India: Turn towards a Sustainable Peace?
Mirza Zulfiqur Rahman

6. Naxal Violence: Resurgence or Desperation?
Rajat Kumar Kujur

Part II
Conflict Transformation and Early Warnings


7. Conflict Transformation, Early Warnings and Conflict Alerts: An Introduction
D. Suba Chandran

8. Jammu & Kashmir: Is the Violence Returning?
Ashok Bhan

9. Northeast: From Insurgency to Terrorism?
Wasbir Hussain

10. Nepal: Old Conflict, New Issues
Nishchalnath Pandey

11. With Lions and without Tigers: Conflict Transformation and the Search for Peace in Sri Lanka
N. Manoharan

12. Fundamentalist Violence: Will It Expand?
Radha Vinod Raju

13. Will the Naxal Conflict Spread into Rest of India?
Medha Chaturvedi and P.G. Rajamohan

Armed Conflicts in South Asia 2010:
Growing Left-Wing Extremism and Religious Violence

Edited by D. Suba Chandran, P. R. Chari

 

About the Book
This volume (2010) examines the major armed conflicts in South Asia- in India (with special reference to northeast, Jammu & Kashmir and the Naxalites), Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Afghanistan. The articles study conflict management, look at the direction the armed conflicts is likely to take and provide a set of alternative measures that could be pursued by the actors.

Contents

  1. Armed Conflicts in South Asia:  An Overview
    P R Chari
  2. Afghanistan: Turning the Tide
    Shanthie Mariet D’souza
  3. Armed Conflict in FATA and NWFP: Continuing Violence
    D Suba Chandran
  4. J&K: Return to Violence
    Kavita Suri
  5. Left Wing Extremism: Misplaced War Mongering?
    Devyani Srivastava
  6. Northeast India: Protracted Conflicts and Protracted Peace Processes
    Mirza Zulfiqur Rahman
  7. Armed Conflict in Nepal: From Parliament to Siege in Kathmandu
    Kriti Singh
  8. Sri Lanka: Conflict is Dead, Long Live the Conflict
    N Manoharan
  9. Special Paper
    Pakistan and Suicide Terrorism: A Never Ending Story

    Jérémie Lanche
ACSA 2009
ACSA 2008

Armed Conflicts In South Asia 2009:
Continuing Violence, Failing Peace Process

Edited by D. Suba Chandran, P. R. Chari

 

About the Book

This volume (2009) examines the various armed conflicts in South Asia in 2008 – in Afghanistan, FATA, J&K, India’s Northeast, Sri Lanka and Nepal, and sectarian and naxalite violence in Pakistan and India respectively. The volume also includes an exclusive chapter on the linkages between armed conflicts and failing and failed states in South Asia.

Contents

1. Armed Conflicts and Peace Processes  in South Asia: An Overview
P. R. Chari
2.Afghanistan : Tipping Point 
Shanthie Mariet D’Souza
3. Sectarian Violence in Pakistan
Raghav Sharma
4. FATA and NWFP: Spreading Anarchy                      
D. Suba Chandran
5. J&K: Continuing Violence
Kavita Suri & D. Suba Chandran
6. Left Wing Extremism in India: The Rule of the Maoists
Devyani Srivastava
7.Northeast: Minimal Gains of Counter- Insurgency Operations
Bibhu Prasad Routray
8. Bangladesh : The Clampdown
Sandeep Bhardwaj
9. Nepal: Out with the Old, In With the New
Oliver Housden
10. Sri Lanka : Unprecedented Violence; Unclear Future
N. Manoharan
11. Failed and Failing States and Armed Conflict in South Asia
Sonali Huria
Online purchase

Armed Conflicts in South Asia 2008:
Growing Violence

Edited by D. Suba Chandran, P. R. Chari

About the book

This book examines the major armed conflicts in South Asia — in India (with special reference to the Northeast, Jammu & Kashmir and the Naxalites), Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Afghanistan. Designed as an annual series, the articles cover a set of issues across volumes. Each article provides a brief historical sketch of the emergence of armed conflict and outlines its various phases. The roles, objectives and strategies of the major state, non-state and international actors are critically evaluated.

Contents

1.Armed Conflicts in South Asia: An Overview    
P. R. Chari
2.Afghanistan: Continuing ViolenceShanthie
Mariet D’Souza
3.Pakistan: The Sectarian Conflict
Kanchan Lakshman
4.Pakistan: The War of Tribes
D. Suba Chandran
5.J&K: From Militancy to Jihad? 
Kavita Suri & D. Suba Chandran
6.The Naxal Conflict in India 
Mallika A. Joseph & Devyani Srivasatava 
7.Northeast: Islands of Peace and Ocean of Conflict 
Bibhu Prasad Routray
8.Bangladesh: Islamic Militancy and the Rise of Religious Right 
Smruti S. Pattanaik
9.Nepal: State in Dilemma
P. G. Rajamohan 
10.Sri Lanka: Thumbs Up to Violence: Thumbs Down to Peace
N. Manoharan

Online purchase

Research Team:


Medha Chaturvedi
Research Officer

 


Aryaman Bhatnagar
Research Officer
Mr. Rana Banerji as a discussant for the second session on Afghanistan and Pakistan Brig. (Retd.) Gurmeet Kanwal chairing the second session on Afghanistan and Pakistan Dr. P. Sahadevan at the session on ‘A Review of ACSA Process and ACSA Overview 2012’
Day I: Conference Room II, India International Centre
Mr. Ved Marwah chairing the fourth session
on ‘Peace Audit: Jammu and Kashmir’
Ms. Medha Chaturvedi as a discussant for the sixth session on ‘The Naxal Conflict’ Dr. N. Manoharan at the fifth session on
‘Peace Audit: Nepal and Sri Lanka’
Day II: Conference Room, Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies
Dr. Rajat Kujur at the sixth session
on ‘The Naxal Conflict’
Dr. Ashok Bhan at the fourth session
on ‘Peace Audit: Jammu and Kashmir’
Dr. P.V. Ramana at the sixth session
on ‘The Naxal Conflict’
 

The Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS) is the premier South Asian think tank which conducts independent research on and provides an in depth analysis of conventional and non-conventional issues related to national and South Asian security including nuclear issues, disarmament, non-proliferation, weapons of mass destruction, the war on terrorism, counter terrorism , strategies security sector reforms, and armed conflict and peace processes in the region.

For those in South Asia and elsewhere, the IPCS website provides a comprehensive analysis of the happenings within India with a special focus on Jammu and Kashmir and Naxalite Violence. Our research promotes greater understanding of India's foreign policy especially India-China relations, India's relations with SAARC countries and South East Asia.

Through close interaction with leading strategic thinkers, former members of the Indian Administrative Service, the Foreign Service and the three wings of the Armed Forces - the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force, - the academic community as well as the media, the IPCS has contributed considerably to the strategic discourse in India.

 
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